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Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Mario Diani and Doug McAdam (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Illustrates relational approaches to the study of social movements and collective action. Contributors analyse most recent developments in the analysis of the role of networks as facilitators or ... More


Networks, Diffusion, and Cycles of Collective Action

Pamela E. Oliver and Daniel J. Myers

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses simulation models to explore network mechanisms in diffusion processes and protest cycles. The network dimension is taken into account, focusing on three processes: information flows, influence ... More


Modeling Health: The Role of Simulation Models in Health Information Systems

Michael C. Wolfson

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues for the expansion of the uses of health statistics to include the construction of simulation models. Simulation models can help policymakers to address “what if” questions in the ... More


Approaches to Modeling Cities and Regions

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The modelling of urban and regional structure has a long history, with the land use model of Von Thunen, the central place theories of Christaller and Losch, and the industrial location model of ... More


Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

C. David Johnson and Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Realistic simulation of long-term household settlement patterns is based on spatially and temporally variable supplies of critical natural resources produced by study-area soils. Annual net primary ... More


Reliability without Truth

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the source of credibility of computer simulation models. It suggests that the practice of using fictions in building credible simulations is worthy of closer scrutiny by ... More


Modeling the Dynamics of A Forest Giant

David R. Foster (ed.)

in Hemlock: A Forest Giant on the Edge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300179385
eISBN:
9780300186772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179385.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the use of simulation models to address ecological questions. Ecological modelling refers to computer simulations of ecological processses represented and linked together using ... More


When Theories Shake Hands

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the theories used in computer simulation. It suggests that there is a class of computer simulation models that are especially important to philosophers interested in the ... More


Wealth Accumulation by Age Cohort: The Role of Savings, Capital Gains, and Intergenerational Transfers

Edward N. Wolff

in Inheriting Wealth in America: Future Boom or Bust?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199353958
eISBN:
9780190224707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199353958.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 5 makes use of the so-called indirect method discussed in the literature review to analyze the role of inheritances and other intergenerational transfers on the wealth accumulation of ... More


The World in a Machine: Origins and Impacts of Early Computerized Global Systems Models

Paul N. Edwards

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the origins of two types of simulation models, namely numerical models of weather and climate, and world-dynamics models that are offshoots of a general method known as “system ... More


Models of Climate: Values and Uncertainties

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter, which focuses on simulation models of climate and its future, investigates whether it is reasonable to expect climate modelers to exclude non-epistemic values from the internal aspects ... More


Introduction

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introduction discusses the theme of this book, which is about computer simulation and the philosophy of science. The book examines what philosophers of science should learn in the age of ... More


Smooth Landing or Crash?: Model-Based Scenarios of Global Current Account Rebalancing

Hamid Faruqee, Douglas Laxton, Dirk Muir, and Paolo A. Pesenti

in G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226107264
eISBN:
9780226107288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107288.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter employs a sophisticated new open economy multicountry simulation model to examine different scenarios for global current account adjustment. The analysis indicates that ... More


How Copying Affects the Amount, Evenness and Persistence of Cultural Knowledge: Insights from the Social Learning Strategies Tournament*

Luke Rendell, Robert Boyd, Magnus Enquist, Marcus W. Feldman, Laurel Fogarty, and Kevin N. Laland

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Darwinian processes should favour those individuals that deploy the most effective strategies for acquiring information about their environment. We organized a computer-based tournament to ... More


United States Size Distribution and the Macroeconomy 1986–2009

Lance Taylor, Armon Rezai, Rishabh Kumar, Nelson Barbosa, and Laura Carvalho

in Macroeconomics and Development: Roberto Frenkel and the Economics of Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175081
eISBN:
9780231541213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175081.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

the chapter analizes income distribution in the US, focusing on its regressive evolution and highlighting the severe constraints that prevent the reduction of inequality in the US. The authors ... More


Computing Power

Ron Eglash

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the role of computational power in the social environment. The author examines the applications of computing power across various fields in the social dimensions. The chapter ... More


Prospects For Food Self-Sufficiency In Iran In 2025

Habibollah Salami, Toktam Mohtashami, and Mohamad Saeid Noori Naeini

in Food Security in the Middle East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199361786
eISBN:
9780190235697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Since the Islamic Revolution, Iran has sought food self-sufficiency as a major objective in its economic development. This chapter provides a review of the conditions for food self-sufficiency in ... More


After the Fires: The Ecology of Change in Yellowstone National Park

Linda L. Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100488
eISBN:
9780300127751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100488.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This book presents the history and aftereffects of the fires of 1988 that swept through the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem (GYE) describes the chronology of the fires, the areas burned, and the extent ... More


Fealty to symbolism is no way to save salmon

Peter Kareiva and Valerie Carranza

in Effective Conservation Science: Data Not Dogma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198808978
eISBN:
9780191846687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808978.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter tells the story of how the management options regarding Snake River chinook salmon became conflated with advocacy efforts to remove four major hydroelectric dams. As a result, ... More


Minimum Wages and Supporting Wage Growth

Brian Nolan

in Generating Prosperity for Working Families in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807056
eISBN:
9780191844836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807056.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the central question of how governments can seek to underpin real wage growth for working households over time. It looks first at the role that minimum wages can play in ... More


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