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Crisis Management in a Complex World

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Managers, business owners, public relations practitioners, and others grapple daily with issues that have the potential to radically redefine the reputation of a person, company, or industry. They ... More


Example of Model Building: Electoral Volatility

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The foremost mental roadblocks in predictive model building are refusal to make outrageous simplifications and reluctance to play with means of extreme cases. “Ignorance-based” models focus on ... More


From building blocks to computers: Models and modeling

Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula

in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The aim of science is to describe, explain, and predict the behaviour of the world that surrounds us. Modeling the real world with the use of simple constructs is one of the basic tools used by ... More


Introduction

Matthew Gill

in Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Accountancy tends to capture the public imagination only when something goes spectacularly wrong. This chapter illustrates how such spectacles, rather than being isolated incidents, can be understood ... More


English: The “Irritation” of Nuance

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter explores the difference between English and its sister languages. It shows that in the emergence of Modern English, simplification dominated complexification to a greater extent than in ... More


Make it Simple?

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that simplification helps only sporadically and feebly in terms of addressing the various criticisms leveled against mandated disclosure. For disclosurites, faites simple is ... More


The Politics of Disclosure

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that even if simplification worked better, it would often be defeated by the political dynamics of regulation. First, mandates expand, exacerbating the overload problem. Second, ... More


Producing Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter considers another reason why simplification cannot save mandated disclosure: regulatory method depends on disclosers, but the core problem of complexity makes it hard for lawmakers to ... More


The Grammars of Bilinguals in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Pronoun rates are especially high among those born in New York, those who came as young children, and those who have lived in the city for a long time. Popular and scholarly assumptions regarding ... More


The Pros and Cons of Standardization — An Epilogue

Nils Brunsson and Bengt Jacobsson

in A World of Standards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256952
eISBN:
9780191716508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256952.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

There is no lack of standardizers in the world, and there are plenty of people who know what is best for everyone else by invoking their expertise. Some arguments used to support standards are that ... More


The Latin Background

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The phonological structure of Latin serves as the starting point for the account. Of particular interest is the organization of the syllable in Latin, and especially the onset, since syllabic ... More


Appraisal and Further Reform

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Assesses the overall performance of past tax reforms thathas developed in three stages; the Nakasone and Takeshita reform packages from the mid‐1980s, and recent tax reform in the 1990s. From an ... More


Lecture III

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245537
eISBN:
9780191680861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

If somebody issues a performative utterance, and the utterance is classed as a misfire because the procedure invoked is not accepted, it is presumably persons other than the speaker who do not accept ... More


The Linguistic Simplification of Presidential Rhetoric

Elvin T. Lim

in The Anti-Intellectual Presidency: The Decline of Presidential Rhetoric from George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342642
eISBN:
9780199851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342642.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter proposes anti-intellectualism as the unifying critique of the contemporary presidency and begins a debate on how to redirect the attention toward the quality, rather than just the ... More


The Substantive Impoverishment of Presidential Rhetoric

Elvin T. Lim

in The Anti-Intellectual Presidency: The Decline of Presidential Rhetoric from George Washington to George W. Bush

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342642
eISBN:
9780199851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342642.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the substantive impoverishment of presidential rhetoric. Specifically, it provides the evidence of linguistic simplification with evidence of substantive anti-intellectualism. ... More


Fuzzy Logic: Managing in an Occluded World Do not read this sentence.

Keith Grint

in Fuzzy Management: Contemporary Ideas and Practices at Work

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775003
eISBN:
9780191695346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775003.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

In theory, there are certain things that should not happen. However, in practice, they actually do happen. Managerial theory, like other forms of thought, have attempted to rationalize and veer away ... More


The Ontology of Powers

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the nature of the derivation of powers and the theories of the ontology of powers. It explains that a power is derivative if the presence of this power in the object depends on ... More


Legal Aid

Eva Storskrubb

in Civil Procedure and EU Law: A Policy Area Uncovered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533176
eISBN:
9780191714504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533176.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter analyses the legislative history, main substantive content, and normative implications of Directive (EC) No 8/2003 to improve access to justice in cross-border disputes by establishing ... More


Reflective Simplification: The Questions of a Philosophical Life

Jonathan McKenzie

in The Political Thought of Henry David Thoreau: Privatism and the Practice of Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166308
eISBN:
9780813166384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166308.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the ways in which the ancient philosophical act of reflective simplification animates Thoreau’s philosophical project. Thoreau’s journals and letters provide ample evidence of a ... More


Exercising the Model: Assessing Changes in Settlement Location and Efficiency

Timothy A. Kohler, R. Kyle Bocinsky, Stefani Crabtree, and Ben Ford

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Comparison between the real and simulated settlement distributions allows us to assess the goodness-of-fit between them. Since our agents optimize their locations, this is also a measure of the ... More


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