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Results of Quantitative Measures

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the statistically significant results obtained through the use of the Mann-Whitney nonparametric test. Of the forty-six statistically significant differences, ten refer to ... More


The Clinical Significance Decision

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An important element in using evidence to select therapy is the determination of whether a treatment is clinically superior to its competitors. This chapter argues that the determination is a ... More


The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247616
eISBN:
9780191598494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of scepticism is a thesis about the human condition: the view that we can know nothing, or that nothing is certain, or that everything is open to doubt. This book examines the sceptical ... More


Can Social Science Approaches Find the Law of Gravitation?

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When a number of social scientists were given synthetic data that fitted the universal law of gravitation, they all missed the underlying pattern. Yet they found results satisfactory and complete by ... More


Comparing Economic Interest Organizations

Colin Crouch

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Organizations representing economic interests within individual nation states peaked in both social importance and academic interest during the 1970s and 1980s. It is often argued that since then ... More


The Evolution of Europe's Transnational Political Parties in the Era of European Citizenship

Stephen Day and Jo Shaw

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines the constitutionalization of transnational political parties in the EU, with particular attention to the question of whether this new organizational form (federations of national parties) ... More


Do Children Have Rights?

James Griffin

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Based upon an analysis of the development of the human rights tradition, the language of human rights is best reserved for beings capable of agency. Less restrictive conceptions of rights, such as ... More


The Rhetoric of Conspiracy in Ancient Athens

Joseph Roisman

Jeffrey Corbin and Carla D'Antonio (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247871
eISBN:
9780520932913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247871.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The Attic orators, whose works are an invaluable source on the social and political history of Classical Athens, often filled their speeches with charges of conspiracy involving almost every facet of ... More


Accounts of Science

Theodore M. Porter

in Accounting, Organizations, and Institutions: Essays in Honour of Anthony Hopwood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546350
eISBN:
9780191720048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546350.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The standing of accounting among the academic disciplines has never been very high, in part because the work of accounting is not regarded as suitably creative. Yet when we think of knowledge as a ... More


Analysing observations

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Although detailed statistical analyses are beyond the scope of this book, there are some important general principles about organizing and analyzing data. Hypotheses have to be phrased in such a way ... More


Sexuality: The Antithesis of Clonality

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexual reproduction is the antithesis of clonality because genes that are faithfully copied during asexual replication are genetically scrambled (recombined) during the sexual processes of meiosis ... More


Remaking Global Order: The Evolution of Europe-China Relations and its Implications for East Asia and the United States

Nicola Casarini

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199560073
eISBN:
9780191721168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560073.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Relations between the European Union (EU) and China have grown at a sustained pace across the board in recent times, transforming the relationship from one of previous neglect into a matter of global ... More


Love of Knowledge

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A background of all the other intellectual virtues is an epistemically right orientation of the will: a discriminating concern for propositional knowledge, understanding, and acquaintance. The ... More


Finding an Ending: Reflections on Wagner’s Ring

Philip Kitcher and Richard Schacht

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183603
eISBN:
9780199850457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183603.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Opera

Few musical works loom as large in Western culture as Richard Wagner’s four-part Ring of the Nibelung. This book offers an illuminating look at this greatest of Wagner’s achievements, focusing on its ... More


Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Daphne J. Fairbairn, Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, and Tamás Székely (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book is an edited compendium of twenty chapters addressing the evolution, adaptive significance, and genetic and developmental basis of differences between the sexes in body size and morphology. ... More


Evaluating Model Performance and Significance

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes a framework for selecting appropriate strategies for evaluating model performance and significance. It begins with a review of key concepts, focusing on how primary occurrence ... More


Using Significance Tests in Establishing Associations

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.23
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Statistical significance testing can be viewed as a formal method for assessing the evidence with regard to a scientific conjecture. It reflects the degree to which we can be confident that an ... More


Introduction: the enigma of sexual size dimorphism

Daphne J. Fairbairn

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter opens by describing general patterns of variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD), with emphasis on several taxa (plants, fishes, and aquatic invertebrates) not included in ... More


Cultural Heritage Management: A Global Perspective

Phyllis Mauch Messenger and George S. Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034607
eISBN:
9780813039510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034607.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Even as places and objects that have particular cultural significance are increasingly valued in our global world, powerful forces threaten them with destruction. This book discusses the efforts of a ... More


Sexual dimorphism in the water strider, Aquarius remigis: a case study of adaptation in response to sexually antagonistic selection

Daphne J. Fairbairn

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes a series of studies examining the adaptive significance of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in the water strider, Aquarius remigis. The data reveal that SSD is negligible until the ... More


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