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Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Brian Skyrms

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This book presents an exploration of how fundamental signals are to our world. It uses a variety of tools — theories of signaling games, information, evolution, and learning — to investigate how ... More


Introduction

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of signalling. It then argues that the relation of signalling theory to philosophy is epistemology, because it deals with selection, transmission, ... More


Complex Signals and Compositionality

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on an earlier point in the evolution of signaling. It considers how one might come to have — in the most primitive way — a complex signal composed of simple signals. This is done ... More


General conclusions

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a synthesis of the current state of the field of sensory aspects of predator-prey interactions. Suggestions are made for what the key outstanding questions are and how they ... More


Research Questions

Luis Correia Da Silva, Marc Goergen, and Luc Renneboog

in Dividend Policy and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259304
eISBN:
9780191600852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259305.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Discusses the research questions that will be addressed in the next chapters. The research questions relate to the link between dividend levels and corporate control, and dividend flexibility and ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Towards a Theory of Stare Decisis

Martin Shapiro

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This paper, which was originally published in The Journal of Legal Studies in 1972, is the first of two that examine some of the problems posed by the method of law-making that is associated with the ... More


Time Series Analysis

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter summarizes the fundamental concepts and tools for analyzing time series data. Time series analysis is a branch of applied mathematics developed mostly in the fields of signal processing ... More


The Anxious Animal

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the philosophical and psychoanalytic accounts of anxiety. The changes in Freud’s thinking about anxiety are summarized, followed by a fuller discussion of ... More


Choosing Strategies for New Products Using Market-Level Data

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm can coordinate its new product designs, production processes, and pricing strategies when only secondary (market-level) data are available. In particular, it examines ... More


Country default risk in emerging markets 1

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Early Warning Signals of a default or debt crisis are derived by drawing upon the stochastic optimal control model of an optimal and excessive short-term debt developed in chapter 2. Operational ... More


Asian crises: Theory, evidence, warning Signals 1

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The Asian financial crises were unexpected by the market and many countries in the region experienced it at about the same time. Drawing upon the theoretical analyses in chapters 2-4, an operational ... More


Detection of Signals Presented at Irregular Times

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter explores the limited literature available on the designs in which there are little or no experimenter-imposed time structure on signal presentations. The chapter first examines the ... More


 Spatial Learning and the Selectivity of Hippocampal Place Fields: Modulation by Dopamine

Kathryn M. Gill and Sheri J. Y. Mizumori

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter compares the putative mechanisms by which dopamine selectively affects learning that is thought to be mediated by functionally distinct brain regions, such as the hippocampus and dorsal ... More


Making Sense of the EMU Negotiations

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EMU negotiations are identified as a ‘core executive’ activity and analysed in terms of their structural, strategic, and cognitive dimensions. EMU was a prestructured negotiating process, shaped ... More


Linking Band-Limited Cortical Activity to fMRI and Behavior

Markus Siegel and Tobias H. Donner

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses the relationship of band-limited electrophysiological mass activity to behavior on the one hand, and to the BOLD fMRI signal on the other. Electrophysiological mass activity ... More


Physiological Basis of the BOLD Signal

Jozien Goense and Nikos K. Logothetis

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and other non-invasive imaging methods have greatly expanded our knowledge of human brain function. Although MRI was invented in the early 1970s and has ... More


Evolution in Lewis Signaling Games

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

Signaling systems had been shown to be the only evolutionarily stable strategies in n-state, n-signal, and n-act signaling games. They were the only attractors in the replicator dynamics. In simple ... More


Generalizing Signaling Games: Synonyms, Bottlenecks, Category Formation

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents a model of signaling with invention of new signals. It maintains the assumption that in all contingencies sender and receiver get the same payoff. But even where sender and ... More


Learning to Network

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces a low-rationality probe and adjust dynamics to approximate higher rationality learning in the basic Bala–Goyal models. Both best response dynamics and probe and adjust learned ... More


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