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Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Robert Brenneman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Central American transnational youth gangs such as the Mara Salvatrucha and the Eighteenth Street gang promote a hyper-machismo that idealizes violent, risk-prone codes of conduct and lifelong ... More


The Humanitarian Responsibilities of Sovereignty: Explaining the Development of a New Norm of Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes in International Society

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that we are witnessing the development of a new norm of military intervention for humanitarian purposes in contemporary international society. Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations ... More


A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded ... More


Familicide: A History

Neil Websdale

in Familicidal Hearts: The Emotional Styles of 211 Killers

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195315417
eISBN:
9780199777464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315417.003.003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Chapter 3 argues familicide appears confined to modern times; the period from 1755 in the United States. The chapter covers three historical periods: medieval, early modern and modern. The author ... More


Menstrual Meditations *

Iris Marion Young

in On Female Body Experience: “Throwing Like a Girl” and Other Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195161922
eISBN:
9780199786664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161920.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay examines the social oppression of women as menstruators in two major forms: the shame associated with menstruation that compels girls and women to conceal their menstrual events, and the ... More


In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Julien Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Is shame social? Is it superficial? Is it a morally problematic emotion? Researchers in disciplines as different as psychology, philosophy, and anthropology have thought so. But what is the nature of ... More


JIHADISM IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism

Jones James W

in Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335972
eISBN:
9780199868957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“Jihadism in Comparative Perspective: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism.” This chapter has two goals: first, to describe salient psychological-religious themes found in the ... More


The Social Psychology of Humiliation and Revenge: The Origins of the Fundamentalist Mindset

Bettina Muenster and David Lotto

in The Fundamentalist Mindset: Psychological Perspectives on Religion, Violence, and History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379655
eISBN:
9780199777334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379655.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Social humiliation is associated with retaliatory behavior, even at additional cost to the retaliator. When humiliated, individuals and groups seem to have a particular appetite for revenge. The ... More


Pornography and Violence

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Pornography cultivates a cult of the flesh in which sex and the flesh are abstracted, etherealized, and finally destroyed. De Sade's vision of unlimited lust gives way to a pornocracy in which ... More


Victims’ Rights in England and Wales at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century

Paul Rock

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the way in which the victim of crime, the ‘forgotten party’ of the criminal justice system has started to regain something of the standing of an interested party with recognised ... More


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