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Homies and Hermanos: God and Gangs in Central America

Robert Brenneman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753840
eISBN:
9780199918836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753840.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Central American transnational youth gangs such as the Mara Salvatrucha and the Eighteenth Street gang promote a hyper-machismo that idealizes violent, risk-prone codes of conduct and lifelong ... More


The Humanitarian Responsibilities of Sovereignty: Explaining the Development of a New Norm of Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes in International Society

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that we are witnessing the development of a new norm of military intervention for humanitarian purposes in contemporary international society. Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations ... More


A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded ... More


Familicide: A History

Neil Websdale

in Familicidal Hearts: The Emotional Styles of 211 Killers

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195315417
eISBN:
9780199777464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315417.003.003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Chapter 3 argues familicide appears confined to modern times; the period from 1755 in the United States. The chapter covers three historical periods: medieval, early modern and modern. The author ... More


Menstrual Meditations *

Iris Marion Young

in On Female Body Experience: “Throwing Like a Girl” and Other Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195161922
eISBN:
9780199786664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161920.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay examines the social oppression of women as menstruators in two major forms: the shame associated with menstruation that compels girls and women to conceal their menstrual events, and the ... More


In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Julien Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Is shame social? Is it superficial? Is it a morally problematic emotion? Researchers in disciplines as different as psychology, philosophy, and anthropology have thought so. But what is the nature of ... More


JIHADISM IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism

Jones James W

in Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335972
eISBN:
9780199868957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“Jihadism in Comparative Perspective: Psychological Themes in Religiously Motivated Terrorism.” This chapter has two goals: first, to describe salient psychological-religious themes found in the ... More


The Social Psychology of Humiliation and Revenge: The Origins of the Fundamentalist Mindset

Bettina Muenster and David Lotto

in The Fundamentalist Mindset: Psychological Perspectives on Religion, Violence, and History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379655
eISBN:
9780199777334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379655.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Social humiliation is associated with retaliatory behavior, even at additional cost to the retaliator. When humiliated, individuals and groups seem to have a particular appetite for revenge. The ... More


Pornography and Violence

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Pornography cultivates a cult of the flesh in which sex and the flesh are abstracted, etherealized, and finally destroyed. De Sade's vision of unlimited lust gives way to a pornocracy in which ... More


Victims’ Rights in England and Wales at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century

Paul Rock

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the way in which the victim of crime, the ‘forgotten party’ of the criminal justice system has started to regain something of the standing of an interested party with recognised ... More


A Conspiracy of Silence

Eviatar Zerubavel

in The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The famous fourteenth-century Castilian story about a Moorish king duped by three swindlers into believing that a dazzling new suit they are supposedly weaving for him is somehow invisible to any ... More


Emotion, Character, and Responsibility

John Sabini and Maury Silver (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195121674
eISBN:
9780199846931
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121674.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book explores why emotions are important in our conception of a person's character, and in our own conception of self. Chapter topics include caring, loyalty, sincerity, shame, guilt, ... More


Social Emotions

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the role of social emotions such as guilt and shame in supporting human cooperation, and how these could have evolved. It first models the process by which an emotion such as ... More


Where Is Europe?

Anne Norton

in On the Muslim Question

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157047
eISBN:
9781400846351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157047.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the question of where Europe is: whether Europe extends where languages and cultures flowed with capital and colonization; whether Europe is in America and Canada, Australia and ... More


Making Ourselves Miserable

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most negative emotions are not the direct consequences of real emotion-producing events, but rather occur because people imagine themselves in past or future situations and engage in rumination about ... More


Introduction: Law in Society

Thomas A. J. McGinn

in Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161328
eISBN:
9780199789344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161328.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This introduction discusses the subject of the book, namely the legal rules affecting the practice of female prostitution in Rome during the central part of its history, a period extending from ... More


Time Stalkers

Ned Schantz

in Gossip, Letters, Phones: The Scandal of Female Networks in Film and Literature

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335910
eISBN:
9780199868902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335910.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Women's Literature

This chapter identifies the isolating effects of stalkers on female figures, emphasizing the temporal isolation accomplished through the control of storage media such as tape recorders and answering ... More


Fifty Ways to Feel Your Pudor

Robert A. Kaster

in Emotion, Restraint, and Community in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195140781
eISBN:
9780199789283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140781.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the many different forms of pudor, the Latin term that roughly corresponds to English “shame”. The concept of face is further explored, the method of describing emotional ... More


The Structure of Paenitentia and the Egoism of Regret

Robert A. Kaster

in Emotion, Restraint, and Community in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195140781
eISBN:
9780199789283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140781.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the various scripts of paenitentia, the Latin term that most closely approximates English “regret”. It shows how different forms of regret are experienced at actions or ... More


The Journey Begins

William Chester Jordan

in From England to France: Felony and Exile in the High Middle Ages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164953
eISBN:
9781400866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164953.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter details the journey of abjurers to their ports of embarkation. Abjurations of the realm occurred throughout the kingdom, and residents of some populous localities, such as London or ... More


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