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Sexual size dimorphism: patterns and processes

Martín Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, and Tamás Székely

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Odonates provide excellent model organisms for testing functional explanations of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) because of their wide variety of habitats, morphology, development, feeding behaviour, ... More


Dimorphism in the hartebeest

Isabella Capellini

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Sexual selection often favours sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in body size and fighting structures, since large males with massive weaponry achieve high reproductive success. However, sexual selection ... More


EVOLUTION AND GENETICS

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes the results of studies examining the adaptive changes in introduced populations of House Sparrows, including the classic study of natural selection by Hermon Bumpus. Clinal ... More


The genetic integration of sexually dimorphic traits in the dioecious plant, Silene latifolia

Lynda F. Delph

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter investigates sexual dimorphism in the dioecious, flowering plant, Silene latifolia. Results of comparisons among populations, a half-sib breeding experiment, and artificial selection on ... More


Rensch's rule in insects: patterns among and within species

Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, Rudolf Meier, and Tiit Teder

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Rensch's rule is a common pattern of allometry for sexual size dimorphism among animal species. This chapter evaluates Rensch's rule in insects, using three levels of analysis. When comparisons are ... More


Sexual selection and sexually dimorphic traits

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the sexual dimorphism of primates in terms of body weight, canine tooth, vocal anatomy, and cutaneous glands and scent-marking displays. It also discusses sexual skin and other ... More


Social Behavior, Sexual Selection, and Sexual Dimorphism

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexual selection is the advantage that certain individuals have over others of the same sex and species, solely in respect of reproduction. The biology of anoles opens the door to the existence of ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in spiders: patterns and processes

Matthias W. Foellmer and Jordi Moya-Laraño

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter uses data for 489 spider species from fifteen families to describe patterns of variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD), and to evaluate hypotheses explaining these patterns. The ... More


Facial Attractiveness

Anthony C. Little and David I. Perrett

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents data that is in line with the notion that averageness, sexual dimorphism, and symmetry may all advertise qualities in human faces and are, hence, found attractive. Individual ... More


Sexual differences in insect development time in relation to sexual size dimorphism

Vojtěch Jarošík and Alois Honek

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Differences in the duration development between males and females is one of the major proximate mechanisms mediating sexual size dimorphism. This chapter reviews evidence for such differences in ... More


Sex differences: genetic, physiological, and ecological mechanisms

Turk Rhen

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Females and males share the same genome, which places a significant constraint on the evolution of sex differences. This chapter begins with a review of current theory explaining the initial ... More


Sex Differences in Cognitive Function in Rodents

Victoria Luine and Gary Dohanich

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Qualitative sexual dimorphisms in cognition and behavior may afford each sex with the requisite tools that provide an edge for their mutual survival and for the survival of their progeny. This ... More


Trajectories of Health in Early Farming Communities of East Asia

Kate Pechenkina, Ma Xiaolin, and Fan Wenquan

in Bioarchaeology of East Asia: Movement, Contact, Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044279
eISBN:
9780813046266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044279.003.0018
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the general trends in health that accompanied increasing reliance on agriculture and a later increase in social complexity experienced by human communities of the Yellow and Wei ... More


Sex Differences in Neuroimmunology

Steven S. Zalcman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews aspects of neuroimmune interactions shown to be sexually dimorphic. This includes interactions between immunogenic substances, cytokines, and neuroendocrine hormones; CNS ... More


The body beautiful

Anjan Chatterjee

in The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199811809
eISBN:
9780199369546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811809.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Scientific attempts to measure beauty in bodies have not been as extensive as studies of beauty in faces. However, some of the principles that make a face beautiful, such as symmetry, averageness, ... More


Human sexuality in primatological perspective

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the areas of human sexuality in relation to different primatological evidence. It describes the connection between sexual selection and human evolution that triggers the ... More


A Bone to Pick: Using Height Inequality to Test Competing Hypotheses about Political Power

Carles Boix and Frances Rosenbluth

in Bones of Complexity: Bioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813062235
eISBN:
9780813051901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

The frameworks of modern economics demonstrate how stature and sexual dimorphism can be used to model inequality among human populations. The authors synthesize a wide range of data from ... More


Evolutionary correlates of sex-determination systems

Leo W. Beukeboom and Nicolas Perrin

in The Evolution of Sex Determination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199657148
eISBN:
9780191748103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657148.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sex-determination systems have profound consequences on the biology of organisms, affecting many aspects of their life histories. Certain sex-determination systems may affect the evolution of ... More


Reproduction and Development in Epipelagic Fishes

Bruce B. Collette

in Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Oceanic epipelagic fishes live most or all of their lives in blue water environments, far from continental coasts. Many oceanic epipelagic species are of major commercial importance and provide a ... More


Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Judith S. Weis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The world’s nearly 7,000 species of crabs are immediately recognizable by their claws, sideways movement, stalked eyes, and thick outer shells. These common crustaceans are found internationally, ... More


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