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Sex and the Human Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter describes what is known about the nature of differences in the brains of men and women, as well as their implications for human behaviors that show sex differences. Topics discussed ... More


Sex Differences in Human Behavior

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter begins with a discussion of the meaning of sex difference. It then considers conflicts arising from measurements of psychological sex differences. Sex differences in core gender identity ... More


Androgen, Estrogen, and Cognition

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex differences in human cognitive function. Topics discussed include the impact of androgen on intelligence, influence of gonadal hormones on human cognitive development, ... More


Sex Differences in Brain Aging and Alzheimer’s Disorders

Susan Resnick and Ira Driscoll

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the morphological and physiological sex differences in the human brain. Recent progress in neuroimaging technology holds the promise of elucidating the neuroanatomic and ... More


Physical Fairness: Science, Feminism, and Sex Differences, 1950–2005

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 8 (the counterpart to Chapter 2) explores physical educators’ ideas about sex differences and active womanhood during the second half of the twentieth century. In each decade, teachers ... More


Sex differences in brain organization

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines sex differences in brain organization for speech and for manual programming and constructional function. Sex differences in the lateralization of function are relatively minor. ... More


Sex Differences in Pain

Emeran A. Mayer, Jennifer S. Labus, and Karen J. Berkley

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews studies on sex differences in pain, providing citations to appropriate recent papers, and discusses at greater length some intriguing new directions, in particular those ... More


Sex and the Animal Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex difference in the brain. Topics covered include sex differences in brain structure and neural ultrastructure, mechanisms of hormone action, sex differences in the cerebral ... More


Sex Differences in the Brain: What’s Old and What’s New?

Margaret M. McCarthy and Arthur P. Arnold

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The study of sex differences in the brain has a long, rich history and remains a vibrant and controversial topic that is central to the field of neuroscience both for its obvious relevance and its ... More


Research and Methodological Issues in the Study of Sex Differences and Hormone-Behavior Relations

Lisa A. Eckel, Arthur P. Arnold, Elizabeth Hampson, Jill B. Becker, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a conceptual and methodological overview of relevant issues in sex differences/sexual differentiation research, and provides guidance to investigators studying the role of sex ... More


No Strings Attached?: Sex and Emotional Health

Mark Regnerus and Jeremy Uecker

in Premarital Sex in America: How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743285
eISBN:
9780199894741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743285.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter delves into how young Americans emotionally experience their sexual relationships and activity patterns. Men and women report very different levels of emotional ... More


Sex Differences in Children’s Play

Sheri A. Berenbaum, Carol Lynn Martin, Laura D. Hanish, Phillip T. Briggs, and Richard A. Fabes

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sex differences in play have led many scholars to suggest that boys and girls grow up and live in separate cultures. The differences have considerable significance for mental health, social ... More


Sex Differences in Infectious and Autoimmune Diseases

Sabra L. Klein

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of sex differences in death rates and disease susceptibility. It then discusses sex differences in infectious diseases, covering susceptibility to viruses, ... More


Explaining Cultural and Sex Differences in Responses to Supportive Communication: A Dual-Process Approach

Brant R. Burleson and Lisa K. Hanasono

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Men and women, as well as members of different cultural groups, respond somewhat differently to the social and emotional support they receive. In particular, women discriminate somewhat more finely ... More


Sex Differences in the Organization of Movement

Evelyn F. Field and Ian Q. Whishaw

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents research focusing on the question of whether there are sex differences in the kinematic organization of movement. In addition, the relative contributions of gonadal steroids, ... More


Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Martha H. Verbrugge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the philosophies, experiences, and instructional programs of white and black female physical educators who taught in public schools and diverse colleges and universities, including ... More


Sex Differences in Motivation

Jill B. Becker and Jane R. Taylor

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter develops the thesis that sexually dimorphic development of the neural systems involved in motivation has evolved due to sex differences in care of young. It proposes that sex differences ... More


Sex Differences in Cognitive Function in Rodents

Victoria Luine and Gary Dohanich

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Qualitative sexual dimorphisms in cognition and behavior may afford each sex with the requisite tools that provide an edge for their mutual survival and for the survival of their progeny. This ... More


Sex Differences in the Neurocognition of Language

Michael T. Ullman, Robbin A. Miranda, and Michelle L. Travers

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines evidence pertaining to the existence of possible sex differences in the neurocognition of language. It first discusses evidence and explanatory hypotheses related to sex ... More


Active Womanhood and the Science of Sex Differences, 1890s–1940s

Martha H. Verbrugge

in Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195168792
eISBN:
9780199949649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168792.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 2 examines how female physical educators (primarily white teachers) conceptualized active womanhood: How did female bodies resemble and/or differ from male anatomy, physiology, and physical ... More


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