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Transitions, Transformations, and Reproduction: Dynamics in Socio‐Technical Systems

Frank W. Geels and René Kemp

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter explores innovating and technological transformation in terms of competing socio-technical systems which evolve over long time periods. It examines changes in functional systems both ... More


Household Demand for Improved Sanitation Services: A Case Study of Calamba, the Philippines

Donald T. Lauria, Dale Whittington, Kyeongae Choe, Cynthia Turingan, and Virginia Abiad

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The average WTP for a sewer connection and treatment plant was less than 1% of income for most households. Respondents given time to think about their willingness‐to‐pay consistently bid less than ... More


City Cleansing

Suellen Hoy

in Chasing Dirt: The American Pursuit of Cleanliness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111286
eISBN:
9780199854011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111286.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter tackles the aftermath of war where crusades for cleanliness reappeared as lack of hygiene posed new threats to the health and well-being of the nation and its citizenry posed an even ... More


Epilogue: 2000–2012

John Waldman

in Heartbeats in the Muck: The History, Sea Life, and Environment of New York Harbor, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249855
eISBN:
9780823252589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249855.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Though there have been many improvements, New York Harbor still faces many problems. Among them are climate change, sea level rise, alien species, combined sewer overflows, and lingering chemical ... More


Sewage Discharge Response: Reforms in Reporting and Public Notification

Bernard Franklin and Kenneth Murray

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Inadequate or delayed response to sewage spills poses a threat to the public’s health. Following a number of large discharges in Los Angeles County a stakeholder workgroup was convened to develop ... More


The Archaeology of Sanitation in Roman Italy: Toilets, Sewers, and Water Systems

Ann Koloski-Ostrow

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621289
eISBN:
9781469623269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621289.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The Romans developed sophisticated methods for managing hygiene, including aqueducts for moving water from one place to another, sewers for removing used water from baths and runoff from walkways and ... More


An Introduction to Sanitation in Roman Italy and Urban Case Studies of the Best-Preserved Public Latrines

Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow

in The Archaeology of Sanitation in Roman Italy: Toilets, Sewers, and Water Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621289
eISBN:
9781469623269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621289.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the nature of the existing archaeological evidence for Roman toilets, including various sizes, types, locations for these facilities, their builders, ... More


Finding Social Meaning about Sanitation in Written and Painted Sources

Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow

in The Archaeology of Sanitation in Roman Italy: Toilets, Sewers, and Water Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621289
eISBN:
9781469623269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621289.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter discusses how latrines and sewers, like other Roman building types and technologies that became staple features of Roman cities, depicted part of the architecture of Romanization and ... More


Human Usage of Giant Kelp and Kelp Forest Organisms

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the anthropogenic effects on water quality and benthic habitats that negatively affect giant kelp growth and reproduction. These include activities that increase sedimentation, ... More


Matter in Its Right Place: Technology and the Building of Waste Disposal Systems

Tom Crook

in Governing Systems: Modernity and the Making of Public Health in England, 1830-1910

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520290341
eISBN:
9780520964549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290341.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines a key aspect of Victorian sanitary engineering, namely the advent of large-scale sewerage and domestic waste disposal systems. It argues that this was a hugely ambitious, if ... More


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