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The Common Law of Colonial America: Volume I: The Chesapeake and New England 1607-1660

William E. Nelson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195327281
eISBN:
9780199870677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327281.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The four-volume series of which this book is the first volume shows how the legal systems of Britain's thirteen North American colonies, which were initially established in response to divergent ... More


'Englishmen Transplanted': The English Colonization of Barbados 1627-1660

Larry Gragg

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253890
eISBN:
9780191719806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253890.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book challenges the notion that the 17th-century English planters of Barbados were architects of a social disaster. These planters were not simply profligate, immoral, and grasping capitalists ... More


Information for Innovation: Managing Change from an Information Perspective

Stuart Macdonald

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241477
eISBN:
9780191696947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241477.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

Information is not taken seriously. Much is said about the information age, the information economy, the information society, and particularly about information technology, but little about ... More


Senior Officials in the Danish Central Administration: From Bureaucrats to Policy Professionals and Managers

Hanne Nexø Jensen and Tim Knudsen

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Danish senior civil service has a mixture of older and newer traditions, in which history and tradition are very important. Accordingly, this chapter starts by summarizing the historical ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


A Description of the Greek Higher Civil Service

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Formally, the higher civil service of Greece is a powerful group, but it also has a legitimate claim to relative powerlessness. Its subservient role is correlated with the perennial and problematic ... More


Spain: Still the Primacy of Corporatism?

Ignacio Molinaxs Álvarez De Cienfuegos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Starts with an account of the Spanish administration over the last two decades (to 1997); includes a definition of the Spanish civil service bureaucratic élite as composed at the top level (which ... More


Austria: Imperfect Parliamentarism but Fully-fledged Party Democrac y

Wolfgang C. Müller

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the mechanisms of delegation and accountability in post-war Austria. Discusses how political parties structure these processes and analyses the institutional constraints on parliamentary ... More


Finland: Polarized Pluralism in the Shadow of a Strong Presiden t

Tapio Raunio and Matti Wiberg

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Describes the chain of delegation in the context of a semi-presidential democracy. The Finnish president has wide-ranging powers and is a strong political player, which influences the patterns of ... More


The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity

Frits M. Van Der Meer and Jos C. N. Raadschelders

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dutch society takes pride in its egalitarian character, and political and administrative officeholders are neither separated off nor placed on a pedestal. This general attitude originates in the ... More


Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


The Paradox of Performance-Related Pay Systems: Why Do we Keep Adopting Them in the Face of Evidence that they Fail to Motivate?

David Marsden

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

This chapter analyses the case of pay for performance in the British Civil Service since the 1980s, which progressively moved from a 19th-century classified pay system (in which pay rises came either ... More


Introduction

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is argued that existing theories and accounts of change in state bureaucracies — which centre mainly on bureaucracy and changing role perceptions — are of little help in understanding how the ... More


Italy's Senior Civil Service: An Ossified World

Sabino Cassese

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The beginning of the twentieth century saw a progressive southernization of jobs in the Italian public sector, with a sizeable migration of personnel from South to North. In 1995, some 35% of civil ... More


The Senior Civil Service in France

Luc Rouban

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In France, the notion of a senior civil servant is a social rather than a legal one, and senior civil servants may be defined through their role as privileged partners of political power and ... More


Senior Officials in Austria

Barbara Liegl and Wolfgang C. Müller

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

First provides an overview of the formal structure of the civil service in post‐war Austria and the position of senior officials within it. Includes a discussion of recent changes aimed at making the ... More


The Senior Civil Service in Belgium

Marleen Brans and Annie Hondeghem

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Belgian senior civil service is in transition, with external pressures clearly pushing the government firmly towards a reform agenda and improving public confidence in the administrative system, ... More


The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Gary Anderson

Olivia S. Mitchell (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

People covered by public pensions are often the subject of ‘pension envy’, that is, their benefits might seem more generous and their contributions lower than those offered by the private sector. Yet ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Subordination, Stress, and Obesity

Ruth Bell, Amina Aitsi-Selmi, and Michael Marmot

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The distribution of obesity in developed countries follows a social gradient. In developing countries, a similar pattern is emerging as national per capita income rises. The epidemiological evidence ... More


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