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Your Brain’s Anchor to Reality

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The consumption of many different plants by our ancestors lead to the discovery of the important role played by the neurotransmitter serotonin in your brain. Chemicals in these plants that interfere ... More


Alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-Tryptophan Positron Emission Tomography

Carlos E. A. Batista, Diane C. Chugani, and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Alpha[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) was developed initially as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) in order to measure brain serotonin synthesis, but subsequent studies have shown that it ... More


Other PET Ligands Used in Epilepsy

William H. Theodore

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

PET can be used to image neurotransmitter receptor ligands. Increased mu and delta, and probably decreased kappa opiate receptors have been demonstrated in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). ... More


Cytochrome P450 testing in the treatment of depression

Iris Grossman, Mugdha Thakur, and David B. Matchar

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the use of CYP450 genotyping as a guide to the management of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for patients with depression. Comparison of the results of available ... More


Dopaminergic Modulation of Cognition in Human Aging

Shu-Chen Li, Ulman Lindenberger, Lars Nyberg, Hauke R. Heekeren, and Lars Bäckman

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter reviews evidence from recent studies applying a wide range of imaging methods and computational approaches to investigate age-related neurochemical changes that affect neuronal signal ... More


 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Angela C. Roberts

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate ... More


The Cerebellum in Autism

G. Robert DeLong

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews what has been learned about the role of the cerebellum in autism, and how that has expanded our understanding of cerebellar function. Topics discussed include cerebellar ... More


The Problem of Alternative Therapies in Autism

Lorenzo Pavone and Martino Ruggieri

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews alternative therapies for autism. These include diet therapy, vitamins, ketogenic diet, use of serotonin reuptake inhibitors, combinations of homeopathic growth, detoxification ... More


Biology of Aggression

Randy J. Nelson (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The primary goal of this book is to summarize and synthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. Other than maternal aggression, most aggressive encounters among human and ... More


Nitric Oxide and Aggression

Silvana Chiavegatto, Gregory E. Demas, and Randy J. Nelson

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on aggressive behavior. Topics discussed include NO and aggression in Down syndrome and affective disorders, interaction with serotonin, ... More


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