Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 44 items

  • Keywords: serotonin x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Your Brain’s Anchor to Reality

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The consumption of many different plants by our ancestors lead to the discovery of the important role played by the neurotransmitter serotonin in your brain. Chemicals in these plants that interfere ... More


Alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-Tryptophan Positron Emission Tomography

Carlos E. A. Batista, Diane C. Chugani, and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Alpha[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) was developed initially as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) in order to measure brain serotonin synthesis, but subsequent studies have shown that it ... More


Other PET Ligands Used in Epilepsy

William H. Theodore

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

PET can be used to image neurotransmitter receptor ligands. Increased mu and delta, and probably decreased kappa opiate receptors have been demonstrated in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). ... More


Cytochrome P450 testing in the treatment of depression

Iris Grossman, Mugdha Thakur, and David B. Matchar

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the use of CYP450 genotyping as a guide to the management of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for patients with depression. Comparison of the results of available ... More


Dopaminergic Modulation of Cognition in Human Aging

Shu-Chen Li, Ulman Lindenberger, Lars Nyberg, Hauke R. Heekeren, and Lars Bäckman

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter reviews evidence from recent studies applying a wide range of imaging methods and computational approaches to investigate age-related neurochemical changes that affect neuronal signal ... More


 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Angela C. Roberts

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate ... More


The Cerebellum in Autism

G. Robert DeLong

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews what has been learned about the role of the cerebellum in autism, and how that has expanded our understanding of cerebellar function. Topics discussed include cerebellar ... More


The Problem of Alternative Therapies in Autism

Lorenzo Pavone and Martino Ruggieri

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews alternative therapies for autism. These include diet therapy, vitamins, ketogenic diet, use of serotonin reuptake inhibitors, combinations of homeopathic growth, detoxification ... More


Biology of Aggression

Randy J. Nelson (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The primary goal of this book is to summarize and synthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. Other than maternal aggression, most aggressive encounters among human and ... More


Nitric Oxide and Aggression

Silvana Chiavegatto, Gregory E. Demas, and Randy J. Nelson

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on aggressive behavior. Topics discussed include NO and aggression in Down syndrome and affective disorders, interaction with serotonin, ... More


Neurochemical Tempest

R. Walter Heinrichs

in In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on what may be the most widely acknowledged scientific fact about schizophrenia: most patients' symptoms improve in response to dopamine-blocking antipsychotic medication. It ... More


Neurochemical Modulation of Prefrontal Cortical Function in Humans and Animals

Amy F.T. Arnsten and Trevor W. Robbins

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), which include use of working memory to guide behavioral responses and the contents of attentional focus, the inhibition of inappropriate ... More


A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Andreas Heinz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

For many psychiatric disorders, neurobiological findings do not help to diagnose a specific disease or to predict its outcome. This book suggests to take a new look at mental disorders by using ... More


The Victorian Hippie

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In an influential book published in 1860, mycologist Mordecai Cubitt Cooke wrote about narcotic plants and the mind-altering effects of the fly agaric mushroom. This book may have inspired some of ... More


Floyd E. Bloom

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This autobiography describes his family upbringing, his undergraduate and graduate medical education, his early clinical training and the beginnings of his neuroscience research career. The details ... More


The Role of Neurotransmitters in Human Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Everything known about human behavior suggests it is regulated entirely by the human brain. Brain cells communicate with one another, and with other cells in the body, through small molecules called ... More


The Genetics of Aggression

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aggression is a form of behavior with the goal of causing damage to another individual. Evolutionarily it developed in response to competition for mates or vital resources. In humans aggressive ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part I: Eating Disorders: Eating Disorders

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Obesity is an increasing medical problem in Western societies. There is little question that body weight, like many other physical features, is under genetic control. Each person has a genetically ... More


Regulation of Autonomic Function by Visceral and Somatic Afferents

John C. Longhurst

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses reflex autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system by input from finely myelinated and unmyelinated sensory nerve fibers. The focus is on abdominal and cardiac visceral ... More


Central Autonomic Control of the Pancreas

R. Alberto Travagli and Kirsteen N. Browning

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The autonomic nervous system plays a major role in controlling the exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas. This chapter provides an overview of the peripheral (parasympathetic, sympathetic, ... More


View: