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Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Robert Stainton

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words. Sentences, it is said, are what we believe, assert, and argue for; uses of them constitute our evidence in semantics; ... More


Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

James Higginbotham

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

James Higginbotham's work on tense, aspect, and indexicality discusses the principles governing demonstrative, temporal, and indexical expressions in natural language, and presents new ideas in the ... More


The Philosophy of Criminal Law: Selected Essays

Douglas Husak

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585038
eISBN:
9780191723476
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585038.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Husak reprints 15 of his earlier essays in the philosophy of criminal law (and add two previously unpublished pieces) collected from philosophy journals, law reviews, and book chapters. These ... More


Vagueness and Degrees of Truth

Nicholas J. J. Smith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233007
eISBN:
9780191716430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233007.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book argues that an adequate account of vagueness must involve degrees of truth. The basic idea of degrees of truth is that while some sentences are true and some are false, others possess ... More


The Unity of the Proposition

Richard Gaskin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about the philosophy of language. It analyses what is distinctive about sentences and the propositions they express — what marks them off from mere lists of words and mere aggregates of ... More


Negation in Gapping

Sophie Repp

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543601
eISBN:
9780191715587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543601.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This study investigates the behaviour of the negation in the ellipsis type of gapping and shows that gapping sentences with a negation in the first conjunct but not in the second can receive one of ... More


The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Robert J. Matthews

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book provides a sustained critique of a widely held representationalist view of propositional attitudes and their role in the production of thought and behaviour. On this view, having a ... More


Summary

Sophie Repp

in Negation in Gapping

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199543601
eISBN:
9780191715587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543601.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chapter 6 summarizes the findings and analyses from the previous chapters, and concludes the book.


Truth and Words

Gary Ebbs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book explains how to define a disquotational truth predicate that we are directly licensed to apply not only to our own sentences as we use them now, but also to other speakers' sentences and ... More


Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book offers a new approach to sentencing and punishment. It inaugurates a radical shift in the research agenda of criminology. The authors attack currently fashionable retributivist theories of ... More


Asking Questions: Using meaningful structures to imply ignorance

Robert Fiengo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208418
eISBN:
9780191695735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208418.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book examines a central phenomenon of language — the use of sentences to ask questions. Although there is a sizable literature on the syntax and semantics of interrogatives, the logic of ... More


Objects of Thought

A. N. Prior

P. T. Geach and A. J. P. Kenny (eds)

Published in print:
1971
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243540
eISBN:
9780191680694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243540.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This book is divided into two parts. The first concentrates on the logical properties of propositions, their relation to facts and sentences, and the parallel objects of commands and questions. The ... More


Moral Fictionalism

Mark Eli Kalderon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199275977
eISBN:
9780191706066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Moral realists maintain that morality has a distinctive subject matter. Specifically, realists maintain that moral discourse is representational, that moral sentences express moral propositions — ... More


Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950–1990

Samuel Walker

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078206
eISBN:
9780199854202
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078206.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Since the American Bar Foundation Survey of the Administration of Criminal Justice (1953–69) “discovered” the phenomenon of discretion in criminal justice, it has become something of a truism that ... More


The Crimes of Women in Early Modern Germany

Ulinka Rublack

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208860
eISBN:
9780191678165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208860.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This book studies ‘deviant’ women. It presents an account of how women were prosecuted for theft, infanticide, and sexual crimes in early modern Germany, and challenges the assumption that women were ... More


Sentence Primacy

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter lays out five different ways of reading the context principle: methodological, metasemantic, pragmatic, semantic, and psychological. It notes several rationales for embracing the ... More


Introduction: The Appearances, and What They Might Mean

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces and explains the two key premises around which the book is built. Premise 1 says that speakers genuinely can utter ordinary words and phrases in isolation, and thereby perform ... More


Further Background Issues

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explains three background issues additional to those presented in Chapter 1. First, it contrasts three senses of ‘sentence’ — syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic — and draws attention to ... More


Extra‐Grammatical Maneuvers

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the idea that an ordinary sentence is spoken — either actually produced, or just intended/recovered — in seemingly sub-sentential speech. It discusses the idea that ‘shorthand’ ... More


Semantic Ellipsis

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks at semantic ellipsis: expressions that are not syntactically sentential, but nevertheless have characters that yield propositional contents given a context. Relevant examples ... More


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