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The Secret Constitution Resurgent

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of constitutional amendments in American legal culture. Amendments that have already been approved – such as those that instituted the income tax, the popular election ... More


Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

From 1789 to 1913, U.S. senators were not directly elected by the people—instead the Constitution mandated that they be chosen by state legislators. This radically changed in 1913, when the ... More


Partisan Differences in Job Approval Ratings of George W. Bush and U.S. Senators in the States: An Exploration

Gary C. Jacobson

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter addresses issues related to partisan differences in political opinions by examining a unique set of state-level public opinion surveys. It compares the state-level determinants of the ... More


Introduction

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the dynamics of indirect elections and assess the consequences of the switch to direct elections with the adoption of the ... More


A Theory of Indirect Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the indirect elections of U.S. senators in state legislatures within a broader theoretical framework of how parties interact with institutional and electoral settings to affect ... More


Candidate Emergence, Political Ambition, and Seat Value

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the value of a Senate seat and a general assessment of the value that a Senate seat added to a state during this era of federalism. It argues that ... More


Party as Gatekeeper: Canvass, Convention, and Caucus as Nomination Mechanisms

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the role of the party as a gatekeeper to running for U.S. Senate and delves more deeply into the role of the political party as an organization in the state legislature. It ... More


Political Dynamics and Senate Representation

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the links between the indirect electoral mechanism and patterns of representational behavior that appear to differ markedly from that exhibited by U.S. senators today. ... More


Senate Electoral Responsiveness under Indirect and Direct Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter integrates findings on indirect elections with current scholarship on the impact of the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment and onset of direct elections. It constructs a comprehensive ... More


Myth and Reality of the Seventeenth Amendment

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter summarizes the book's findings and reflects more broadly on the quality and context of Senate representation under two different electoral systems. In doing so, it addresses several key ... More


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