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Measuring Self-Enhancement: From Self-Report to Concrete Behavior

Delroy L. Paulhus and Ronald R. Holden

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the authors note that social and personality psychologists address the issue of behavior in rather different ways. Social psychologists tend to exploit behavior as a concrete outcome ... More


European Perspectives

Martin Killias, Santiago Redondo, and Jerzy Sarnecki

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter summarizes European research that covers the various topic areas included in this book. It starts with an overview of European longitudinal studies, which have been conducted far beyond ... More


The reliability and validity of children’s and adolescents’ self-reported health

Katherine B. Bevans and Christopher B. Forrest

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that obtaining children's direct reports of wellbeing, symptoms, strengths, and needs using developmentally appropriate strategies is an essential component of thorough and ... More


Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

James C. Oleson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

For one hundred years, criminologists have studied crime and intelligence, concluding that offenders possess IQ scores eight to ten points below those of non-offenders. Although the criminal genius ... More


Current Status of Symptom Measurement in Children

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0022
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The literature on symptom measurement in infants and children is largely confined to the measurement of pain. There is an enormous array of physiological, behavioral, and self-report pain measures ... More


Methods for Correcting for Faking

Matthew C. Reeder and Ann Marie Ryan

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews socially desirable responding (SDR) from the perspective of score correction methods commonly discussed in reference to self-report response formats employed in personality ... More


Discovery of Hidden Crime: Self-Report Delinquency Surveys in Criminal Policy Context

Janne Kivivuori

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199639199
eISBN:
9780191807299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199639199.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book presents a history of the self-report crime survey as a method of criminological inquiry, describing how it was born within a distinct moral framework by pioneers out to show that crime was ... More


Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications

Patrik N. Juslin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230143
eISBN:
9780191696435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230143.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music's ability to express and arouse emotions is a mystery that has fascinated both experts and laymen at least since ancient Greece. This book offers an account of this domain. It provides coverage ... More


Self-Report Measures and Models

Marcel Zentner and Tuomas Eerola

in Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230143
eISBN:
9780191696435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230143.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Science strives for objectivity. However, by their very nature, experienced emotions are subjective phenomena. This could give the impression that the topic of the current chapter – subjectively felt ... More


Indirect Perceptual, Cognitive, and Behavioural Measures

Daniel Västfjäll

in Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230143
eISBN:
9780191696435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230143.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter reviews a number of perceptual, cognitive, and behavioural (indirect) measures of affect that may help us understand musical emotions. It is organized as follows. First, the problems ... More


Patient reported outcomes

Crispin Jenkinson and Ray Fitzpatrick

in Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665372
eISBN:
9780191748585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665372.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Patient self reports of their health status and quality of life have become central to the evaluation of health care interventions and provision. Patient reported outcome measures (PROs, or PROMs) ... More


The GRID meets the Wheel: Assessing emotional feeling via self-report1

Klaus R. Scherer, Vera Shuman, Johnny J. R. Fontaine, and Cristina Soriano

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The Geneva Emotion Wheel (GEW) is a measurement instrument for the self-report of emotional experience. It differs from instruments that require respondents to rate their feelings on a list of ... More


What Lies Beneath?

Leslie S. Pratch

in Looks Good on Paper?: Using In-Depth Personality Assessment to Predict Leadership Performance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168366
eISBN:
9780231537643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168366.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter describes the depth-psychological approach to executive assessment, including the levels of personality assessed. Understanding the whole person, public and private, exterior and ... More


Generalizing the Account

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by addressing a challenge to the proposal that comes from a rival psychological model of character and helping. Then section two sketches some of the aspects of the account of ... More


Introduction

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Criminologists estimate the true volume of crime—the “dark figure”—to be approximately four times the size of crime reported in official statistics. Most crime goes unrecorded, and criminologists ... More


Crime, Genius, and Criminal Genius

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes the idea of “genius,” which has evolved since its origins as a Roman tutelary spirit to include conceptions of eminence, creativity, and intelligence. In the Renaissance, ... More


The Study

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Little is known about high-IQ criminals because they are statistically rare. Only 2 percent of the general population has an IQ score of over 130 and only one in two thousand possesses an IQ of over ... More


Discussion and Conclusion

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the core findings of the study, describes some of its key limitations, and identifies some of its strengths. The chapter also discusses the wider implications of the work. The ... More


Quantitative Methods for Measuring Neighborhood Characteristics in Neighborhood Health Research

Dustin T. Duncan, William C. Goedel, and Rumi Chunara

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190843496
eISBN:
9780190843533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843496.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Research connecting neighborhoods and health has characterized neighborhood factors in multiple ways. This chapter discusses standard and emerging methods to measure and study neighborhood ... More


Measurement and Analysis in Substance Use Research

Audrey L. Begun and TOM Gregoire

in Conducting Substance Use Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199892310
eISBN:
9780190206376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892310.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter addresses challenges inherent in generating valid and reliable data in substance use research as well as presenting tools for identifying and evaluating some of the well-researched ... More


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