Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: self-preservation x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Free Germany Manifesto and the German People: (August 6, 1943)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0013
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the significance of the Free Germany Manifesto to the German people. Three facts made the Free Germany Manifesto significant: the backing it apparently received from the Soviet ... More


Self-Service

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

German soldiers and civilians exhibited wartime solidarity until the end of the war. This was not ideology so much as a matter of self-mobilization on the basis of internalized values of discipline ... More


Banished to the Great Northern Wilderness: Political Exile and Re-education in Mao's China

Ning Wang

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501713187
eISBN:
9781501714016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713187.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

After Mao Zedong's Anti-Rightist Campaign of 1957–58, Chinese intellectuals were subjected to “re-education” by the state. This book draws on labor farm archives, interviews, and memoirs to provide a ... More


The Speluncean Explorers and the Death of Roger Whetmore

Hugo Adam Bedau

in Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the fictional case of explorers stuck in a cave after a landslide with no way out and little food. One group member, Roger Whetmore, suggests casting lots and killing and ... More


Hobbes and Individualism

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Thomas Hobbes's individualism. It first considers Hobbes's epistemological antiauthoritarianism and individualism before discussing his theory of obligation and its moral basis. ... More


The National System: The World of Nations

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx versus Friedrich List

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195051032
eISBN:
9780199854417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Marx and List agreed on one thing and that was that the division of human society is the key to the central truth of human history. List asserted that Germany needed a policy of state intervention to ... More


Taking Human Rights Seriously

Hyman Gross

in Crime and Punishment: A Concise Moral Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644711
eISBN:
9780191738944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644711.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

Basic human rights present a two-part challenge to punishment. First, there is a general objection to the sacrifice of basic human rights in the cause of punishment. It poses the question of what, if ... More


In the Garden

in Sound and Sight: Poetry and Courtier Culture in the Yongming Era (483-493)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804768597
eISBN:
9780804775038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768597.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the Yongming poets' perception of space and their poetry about yuan or the garden. It explains that in the Southern Dynasties, the yuan was being portrayed more and more as a ... More


Anticipation in a State of Nature

Mark Totten

in First Strike: America, Terrorism, and Moral Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124484
eISBN:
9780300168648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124484.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

The seventeenth century witnessed the continued rivalry between moral tradition and striking first in the writings of Hugo Grotius and Thomas Hobbes, both of whom likened states to individuals living ... More


Evolution and Eclipse

Mark Totten

in First Strike: America, Terrorism, and Moral Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124484
eISBN:
9780300168648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124484.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

In Leviathan (1651), Thomas Hobbes describes his notion of an international state of nature dominated by the singular right of self-preservation. Samuel Pufendorf offered an alternative to Hobbes's ... More


“Those Friendly Reciprocities”: Panic and Participation in the Age of Yellow Fever

Simon Finger

in The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448935
eISBN:
9780801464003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448935.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter chronicles a period of panic and disunity at the onset of the 1793 yellow fever epidemic. In the next dozen years, yellow fever returned to terrorize Philadelphia six more times, taking ... More


The Holocaust's Life as a Ghost

Zygmunt Bauman

in Social Theory after the Holocaust

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239659
eISBN:
9781846314087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239659.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter contains an essay by Zygmunt Bauman that describes the world we live in as a ‘haunted house’ where the ‘ghosts’ are the social repercussions of the Holocausts which continues to haunt ... More


Beyond Modern Temporality

Abed Azzam

in Nietzsche Versus Paul

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169318
eISBN:
9780231538978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169318.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter demonstrates how Modernity’s idea of its own worldliness is grounded in the principle of self-preservation. Nietzsche, however, argues that self-preservation is a case of the will to ... More


A Thought beyond Dualisms, Creationist and Evolutionist Alike

A. Kiarina Kordela

in Spinoza Now

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816672806
eISBN:
9781452946887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816672806.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows that the way that death is conceived is critical for Spinoza’s political stance seen from a psychoanalytic perspective. For this to come to the fore, it is imperative to avoid two ... More


Hobbes on the Motives of Martyrs

Alexandra Chadwick

in Hobbes on Politics and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198803409
eISBN:
9780191860836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803409.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Hobbes acknowledges the threat to civil order posed by those who are prepared to sacrifice their bodily life for the sake of life eternal. Accordingly, his arguments aimed to restrict the ... More


“A Free Man Always Acts Honestly, not Deceptively”: Freedom and the Good in Spinoza’S <i>ethics</i>

Don Garrett

in Necessity and Nature in Spinoza's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780195307771
eISBN:
9780190880019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195307771.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Ethics 4p72 states: (1) “A free man always acts honestly, not deceptively.” It is also plausible to ascribe to him three further doctrines: (2) it is always good to act so as to best preserve one’s ... More


Recognition in Religion: A Systematic Outline

Risto Saarinen

in Recognition and Religion: A Historical and Systematic Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198791966
eISBN:
9780191834189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791966.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter defines three historical paradigms of religious recognition, that is, (i) patristic conversion narrative, (ii) medieval and early modern promise of self-preservation, and (iii) the ... More


Human Nature and the Desire for Fame

Deborah Boyle

in The Well-Ordered Universe: The Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190234805
eISBN:
9780190234829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234805.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter explores Cavendish’s pessimistic account of human nature and social relationships. For Cavendish, there is an important disanalogy between humans and other parts of the natural world: ... More


“They Ain’t Whites…They’re Mormons”: Fictive Responses to the Anxiety of Seduction

Terryl L. Givens

in The Viper on the Hearth: Mormons, Myths, and the Construction of Heresy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933808
eISBN:
9780199333011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933808.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes the particular strategies popular-fiction writers have inherited and adapted to Mormon subject matter. Pervasive patterns of representation in a host of examples emerge as a ... More


The Stoic Argument from Oikeioōsis

Jacob Klein

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 50

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198778226
eISBN:
9780191830105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778226.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper reconstructs the argumentative role of oikeiōsis in Stoic ethical theory. It argues that Stoic appeals to oikeiōsis are intended to support two central ethical claims: (1) that virtue is ... More


View: