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Foundations of Liberalism

Margaret Moore

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Foundations of Liberalism is a critical examination of contemporary liberal theories of justice (Gewirth, Rawls, Gauthier, Raz, among others) focussing on the familiar problem of how to ... More


Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Leif Lewin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is it self‐interest or public interest that dominates in public life? Rational‐choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research were all used to answer this question. Analysing existing ... More


Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Matt Matravers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book attempts to answer the challenge of showing that morality is not a confidence trick or a fetish. It does so by arguing that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested people could ... More


Introduction

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defines the main terms and the project of the book, and specifically situates the problem of the relation of self‐interest and morality in the larger philosophical context.


Motivation, Agency, and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens

Julian Le Grand

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266999
eISBN:
9780191600869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266999.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Can we rely on the public service ethos to deliver high quality public services? Are professionals such as doctors and teachers really public‐spirited altruists—knights—or self‐interested ... More


The Moral Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book challenges the traditional picture of the skeptic who asks, “Why be moral?” and demands a demonstration that acting in morally required ways is rationally required. It argues that we defeat ... More


Justice as Mutual Advantage

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

‘Justice as mutual advantage’ theorists argue that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested persons would accept in regulating the pursuit of their self‐interest. Taking David Gauthier's ... More


Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Brian Feltham and John Cottingham (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What is owed to others that I may not keep for myself? What may I keep for myself, even when others are in need? These transparently moral questions may immediately invite knee-jerk moralistic ... More


Summary and Prospect

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The book’s argument is summarized and its conclusions are brought to hear on two classic situations of crisis: Socrates awaiting the death penalty in prison, and Antigone in her conflict with the ... More


Reasons and Persons

Derek Parfit

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book has four loosely connected parts. Part One discusses some ways in which theories about morality and rationality can be self‐defeating. Such theories give us certain aims, but also tell us ... More


Obligations: Preliminary Points

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

People speak of ‘obligations’ in a variety of contexts. This chapter offers a partial characterization of the broad class of obligations with which this book is concerned. This class is important ... More


Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action

Joseph Raz

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248001
eISBN:
9780191598272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248001.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book offers a penetrating examination of a set of fundamental questions about human thought and action. In these essays, Joseph Raz examines the nature of normativity, reason, and the will; the ... More


Knowledge

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Anyone who claims that there is some ultimate reason for action is likely to be asked two questions. First, how do you know? That is, what capacity gives you this special insight? And, second, what ... More


Self‐Interest and Morality

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ancient ethical theories do not, like many modern ethical theories, recognize a gap in the theory between morality and self‐interest. Rather, self‐interest, developed into an appropriate concern with ... More


Gewirth and the Project of Entailment

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the Kantian argument put forward by Alan Gewirth in Reason and Morality, that morality, which is identified with liberal principles of justice, is entailed in the standpoint of ... More


Rawls and the Abstract Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Rawls's argument in A Theory of Justice, which attempts to derive liberal rights and rules of justice from an original position or contract among people denied full knowledge of ... More


Gauthier and the Full‐Knowledge Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Gauthier and the Full‐knowledge Contract. This chapter examines Gauthier's Morals by Agreement, which generates principles of justice from the starting point of the individual agent as ... More


Introduction

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Taxation arouses strong passions, fueled not only by conflicts of economic self-interest, but by conflicting ideas of justice or fairness. Though empirical questions and questions of economic theory ... More


Conclusion: Politics

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What politically feasible results might be drawn from the foregoing reflections? Self-interest does set limits to what is politically feasible, but most people defend their views about taxation in ... More


National Security Liberalism and American Foreign Policy

Tony Smith

in American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240975
eISBN:
9780191598999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240973.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter elaborates on the concept of ‘national security liberalism’, i.e. the idea that promoting democracy abroad is not only morally correct but is also in the self‐interest of US. It examines ... More


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