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Taking Charge: A School-Based Life Skills Program for Adolescent Mothers

Mary Beth Harris and Cynthia Franklin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195172942
eISBN:
9780199893249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172942.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

Taking Charge is the first empirically tested program of its kind, designed specifically to improve academic achievement and self-sufficiency for adolescent and teenage mothers, who face ... More


PsyCap Efficacy: Confidence to Succeed

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter starts with five key discoveries of PsyCap efficacy (or confidence) and then, drawing from Albert Bandura's extensive theory and research, defines it and identifies the characteristics ... More


Interests and Vocations

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195158557
eISBN:
9780199786824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The study of vocational interests is one of the oldest and largest areas within the psychology of interest. This chapter reviews what vocational psychology has learned about interests related to the ... More


Persuading and Motivating Positive Health Behaviors

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the factors that influence people to initially adopt, and then to pursue, a health-related goal. These include things such as social comparisons, emotions (e.g., fear or ... More


Partnering for Adherence in the Healthcare System

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Successful adherence is influenced by many factors, including disease type, the complexity of the regimen, patient resources, system-level barriers, the clinician–patient relationship itself, and ... More


Adolescent Developmental Theories

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter critiques the psychoanalytic theory of adolescent development as undergoing fundamental revisions influenced, in part, by feminist theory and developmental research. A developmental ... More


Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Role Commitment

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter spells out the first of seven developmental domains in the adolescent trajectory to maturation. The maturational task of the Race, Ethnic, and Gender Role Commitment domain is to commit ... More


Creativity to Build Confidence

Marina Umaschi Bers

in Designing Digital Experiences for Positive Youth Development: From Playpen to Playground

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757022
eISBN:
9780199933037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757022.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on new technologies as spaces for creativity. In the process of creating new projects and ideas, people develop a new sense of confidence in their own learning potential. ... More


People Fake Only When They Need to Fake 1

Jill E. Ellingson

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that faking is a behavior that individuals will engage in when they believe it is necessary to obtain something of personal value and when they believe they are capable of doing ... More


Perceived Control: Theory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years

John W. Reich and Frank J. Infurna (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190257040
eISBN:
9780190634834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The concept of “locus of control” is one of the most influential concepts in all of psychological science and practice. Initially proposed by Julian Rotter in 1966, the year 2016 marks the 50th ... More


The Education of Selves: How Psychology Transformed Students

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199913671
eISBN:
9780199315949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most contemporary North Americans take for granted the universality of their conceptions and experiences of themselves as individuals with uniquely valuable psychological lives. However, such ... More


Self-Efficacy Theory

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Self-efficacy, a task-, time-, and situation-specific form of self-confidence, is an important cognition that often drives behavior, provided people possess the physical capabilities and value the ... More


Rekindling Efficacy: Storytelling for Health

Kimani Njogu

in Media and Identity in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635221
eISBN:
9780748653010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635221.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Orality has been an important method for self-understanding, creating relationships and establishing an equilibrium between body, soul and the environment. Through oral narratives, communities have ... More


Being Confident in What You Do: Self-Efficacy and Agency

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

in The Education of Selves: How Psychology Transformed Students

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199913671
eISBN:
9780199315949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Here the managerial self of educational psychology is considered through a critical historical examination of self-efficacy. The chapter examines theory and research on self-efficacy with a focus on ... More


Framing, Confessing, Self-efficacy, and Healing

Robert A. Scott

in Miracle Cures: Saints, Pilgrimage, and the Healing Powers of Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262751
eISBN:
9780520946200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262751.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter argues that self-efficacy works in concert with other factors to regulate lifestyle habits that directly affect health. Exposure to the same stressors without the perceived or actual ... More


Stewardship, Health, and Well-Being

Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

in Civic Ecology: Adaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028653
eISBN:
9780262327169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Hundreds of studies have documented the benefits of being able to see nature, and to take or walk or otherwise be in nature, on human health and well-being. These benefits may be physical, like ... More


The Positive Psychology of Romantic Love

Jennifer M. Tomlinson and Arthur Aron

in Positive Psychology of Love

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199791064
eISBN:
9780199345199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791064.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Romantic love can be one of life’s most exhilarating and meaningful experiences, providing strong potential for self-growth. Recent research suggests that many positive processes occur within healthy ... More


Staying Out

Marieke Liem

in After Life Imprisonment: Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479806928
eISBN:
9781479860746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479806928.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter ten delves deeper into the factors the interviewees mentioned as key to staying out. These included aging out of crime, a healthy fear for the conditions of parole, and self-efficacy, or ... More


Modeling Latent Profiles of Efficacious Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Deviance

Von E. Nebbitt and Ajita M. Robinson

in Adolescents in Public Housing: Addressing Psychological and Behavioral Health

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231148580
eISBN:
9780231519960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Most studies have focused on the pathologies and deficits exhibited by African American youth while ignoring the signs of resiliency evident in this population. A section of the Integrated Model on ... More


Learning: The Right People

Edward D. Hess

in Learn or Die: Using Science to Build a Leading-Edge Learning Organization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170246
eISBN:
9780231538275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170246.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter focuses on one key component of a High-Performance Learning Organization: the right people. A learning organization needs employees who have the right motivation for and approach to ... More


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