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Free Will and Consciousness: How Might They Work?

Roy F. Baumeister, Alfred R. Mele, and Kathleen D. Vohs (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195389760
eISBN:
9780199863341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This volume is aimed at readers who wish to move beyond debates about the existence of free will and the efficacy of consciousness and closer to appreciating how free will and consciousness might ... More


Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

People backslide. They freely do things they believe it would be best on the whole not to do – and best from their own point of view, not just the perspective of their peers or their parents. The aim ... More


Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the related topics of self‐control and personal autonomy. Self‐control is understood as the contrary of akrasia or weakness of will, and autonomy is placed in the family of metaphysical ... More


Motivation and Agency

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is motivation, and what is its place in the lives of intelligent agents? This is Mele's guiding question. His search for an answer is sensitive to the theoretical concerns of philosophers of ... More


Unprincipled Virtue: An Inquiry Into Moral Agency

Nomy Arpaly

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195152043
eISBN:
9780199785780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152042.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book presents a positive theory of moral worth. Chapter 1 examines the complexities of moral life that appear to differ from the paradigmatic cases of moral psychology. Chapter 2 argues against ... More


The Utopian Corporation

Kenneth Lipartito

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter argues for historians to explore the ‘elective affinity’ between communal and utopian societies of 19th-century America and the managerial corporation. It explores the ways that American ... More


The Self Out of Control

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most people believe that they can solve many of the problems discussed in the book through self-control, making themselves behave in ways that are conducive to their health and happiness by force of ... More


Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

John Baer, James C. Kaufman, and Roy F. Baumeister (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do people have free will, or is universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be ... More


Reconsidering Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime: Linking the Micro- and Macro-Level Sources of Self-Control and Criminal Behavior over the Life Course

Travis C. Pratt

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since its arrival on the criminological scene, an impressive roster of studies has emerged supporting Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) core theoretical proposition—that criminal behavior is caused by ... More


Free Will, Consciousness, and Cultural Animals

Roy F Baumeister

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter points to a view of free will as a complex form of action control that is used (sometimes) by humans to achieve self-control and rational, intelligence decision-making, as well as making ... More


Self Is Magic

Daniel M Wegner

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human action is a kind of magic, an astonishing ability to think of something and thereby make it happen. Perhaps this is why each person views self with awe — The Great Selfini amazes and delights! ... More


Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Charles W. Fowler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

“Systemic management” describes a holistic, objective, and universally applicable form of management, providing a framework for addressing environmental challenges such as global warming, emergent ... More


Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This book presents social, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches to the study of self-control, connecting recent work in cognitive and social psychology with recent advances in cognitive and ... More


Religion and Morality

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 8 addresses the relationship between religion and morality. It is argued that both religion and morality share a common evolutionary source: social life. Thus, while religion is certainly not ... More


Working Hard or Hardly Working for those Rose-colored Glasses?: Behavioral and Neural Evidence for the Automatic Nature of Unrealistically Positive Self-Perceptions

Jennifer S. Beer

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Even rose-colored glasses cannot hide the apparent discrepancy between models of self-control and the adaptive view of positive illusions. Most models of self-control suggest that accurate ... More


The Common Neural Basis of Exerting Self-Control in Multiple Domains

Jessica R. Cohen and Matthew D. Lieberman

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People regularly exert control over impulsive thoughts and behaviors in order to make appropriate decisions and take appropriate actions even when they are more difficult or less pleasant than ... More


Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


What Is the Hajj and How Does Anyone Survive It?

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The hajj is a grueling and perilous march. Even the most self-reliant pilgrims realize that being closer to God also brings them closer to death, and the ones most likely to survive are those who ... More


The Art of Reception: J. W. Waterhouse and the Painting of Desire in Victorian Britain

Simon Goldhill

in Victorian Culture and Classical Antiquity: Art, Opera, Fiction, and the Proclamation of Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149844
eISBN:
9781400840076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149844.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how paintings depicting the classical past became a way of talking about—or not talking about—sexual desire by focusing on the art of John William Waterhouse. It considers four ... More


Unconscious Influences of Attitudes and Challenges to Self-Control

Deborah L. Hall and B. Keith Payne

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Recent developments in social psychology have brought to light important questions concerning the nature of implicit cognitions about race and the implications for self-control. If people are unaware ... More


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