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Killing in War

Jeff McMahan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Killing a person is in general among the most seriously wrongful forms of action, yet most of us accept that it can be permissible to kill people on a large scale in war. Does morality become more ... More


Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate

Laurie Shrage

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153095
eISBN:
9780199870615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515309X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book argues that Roe v. Wade's six‐month time span for abortion “on demand” polarized the American public, and obscured alternatives that could have gained broad public support. As ... More


You Have Heard . . . But I Say to You . . .

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter is devoted to the great antitheses of the “Sermon on the Mount” and tries to identify, in simple words, the meaning of some of Jesus’ key sayings, including “whoever is angry with his ... More


“The Rectification of the Heart”: Around the Periphery of War

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Beyond soldiering, individual Quakers faced other issues relevant to the peace testimony, such as self‐defense and offering sanctuary to others. To seek protection in a garrison house, for example, ... More


INSULT IN THE LAW: FIGHTING WORDS, OBSCENITY, AND HATE SPEECH

Jerome Neu

in Sticks and Stones: The Philosophy of Insults

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195314311
eISBN:
9780199871780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314311.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Because speech can also be conduct, words deeds, the First Amendment cannot provide blanket protection for all offensive speech. This is especially true for what J.L. Austin calls “performative ... More


Segregation and Neighborhood Agreements

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0022
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the editorial, “Segregation and Neighborhood Agreements,” where Fortune acknowledges that the Supreme Court's decision in Corrigan v. Buckley, in which the Court upheld the ... More


RIGHTS, REGULATIONS, REVOLUTION: THE ANTEBELLUM DEBATE OVER GUNS

Saul Cornell

in A Well-Regulated Militia: The Founding Fathers and the Origins of Gun Control in America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195147865
eISBN:
9780199788644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147865.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on the change in the nature of American gun culture during the early decades of the next century. Americans began carrying weapons primarily for personal self-defense. The ... More


What Did Miners Gain from Strikes?

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Bituminous coal mining was notorious for prolonged labor strikes and for the violence that marred some strikes. This chapter compares the strike activity in bituminous coal mining and other ... More


Bluffing and Deception in Negotiations

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses deception and bluffing in negotiations and focuses on the following kind of case: I am selling a house and tell a prospective buyer that $350 000 is absolutely the lowest price ... More


The Morality of Participation in an Unjust War

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter analyzes and criticizes the currently orthodox theory of the just war, according to which it is permissible for combatants on both sides in a war to fight, irrespective of whether their ... More


Military Cooperation and Territorial Disputes: The Changing Face of Japan’s Security Policy

Hiroshi Nakanishi

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that the 2009-2011 period, under the leadership of the Democratic Party of Japan, was a watershed for postwar Japanese security policy. The economic depression after the Lehmann ... More


Rethinking Legality/Legitimacy after the Iraq War

Christine Chinkin

in Legality and Legitimacy in Global Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199781577
eISBN:
9780199932887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781577.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter assesses the concepts of legitimacy and legality in the context of three exercises of Western power over the past decade: Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. None of these cases was ... More


Getting Even: Forgiveness and Its Limits

Jeffrie G. Murphy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178555
eISBN:
9780199850129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178555.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We have all been victims of wrongdoing. Forgiving that wrongdoing is one of the staples of current pop psychology dogma; it is seen as a universal prescription for moral and mental health in the ... More


Preventive Force: Drones, Targeted Killing, and the Transformation of Contemporary Warfare

Kerstin Fisk (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479857531
eISBN:
9781479880997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479857531.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

More so than in the past, the US is now embracing the logic of preventive force: using military force to counter potential threats around the globe before they have fully materialized. From the war ... More


On the Supposed Duty of Truthfulness: Kant on Lying in Self-Defense

David Sussman

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by admitting how strongly Kant does seem to denounce lying and, indeed, self-deception. It further elaborates Kant's attacks on lying, including his famous claim that truthfulness ... More


Deception and Trust

Alan Strudler

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the tough question of what makes lying wrong. Using Bernard Williams's idea that deception is wrong because it involves a breach of trust, or it is a manipulation of the dupe ... More


The Speluncean Explorers and the Death of Roger Whetmore

Hugo Adam Bedau

in Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the fictional case of explorers stuck in a cave after a landslide with no way out and little food. One group member, Roger Whetmore, suggests casting lots and killing and ... More


CRIMINAL LAW: Implicit Proportionality Limitations on Criminal Liability

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Numerous constitutional and subconstitutional limitations on criminal liability embody one or more proportionality principles. Limiting retributive liability principles underlie constitutional rules ... More


Beginnings

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses abortion, infanticide, and the infliction of prenatal injury. It argues that early abortion is morally comparable to contraception and that late abortion can be justified in many cases ... More


Khurbn-Forshung: History Writing as a Jewish Response to Catastrophe

Laura Jockusch

in Collect and Record!: Jewish Holocaust Documentation in Early Postwar Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199764556
eISBN:
9780199979578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764556.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Historiography

This chapter compares Jewish responses to the anti-Jewish violence of the early twentieth century to postwar efforts by survivors to document the Holocaust. Looking at victim testimony collection ... More


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