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Rewards 2: The Biology of Nectar

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the biology of nectar, the main secondary floral reward in an evolutionary sense. As a commodity, nectar is easy for plants to produce and easy for animals to handle; its sugars ... More


Central Autonomic Control of the Pancreas

R. Alberto Travagli and Kirsteen N. Browning

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The autonomic nervous system plays a major role in controlling the exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas. This chapter provides an overview of the peripheral (parasympathetic, sympathetic, ... More


Defects in lysosomal enzyme trafficking

Andrej Hasilik and Peter Lemansky

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Most known lysosomal enzymes are soluble proteins that are localized in the lysosomal matrix. After biosynthesis, these proteins are targeted to lysosomes by a combination of mechanisms operating to ... More


The Sexual Animal

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses the role of gonadal hormones in the reproductive life of mammals. Topics covered include hormonal activation of sexual behavior, hormonal organization of sexual behavior, ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Disease and Neuroprotection

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines, with more detail and in a broader context, the interaction of hormones and brain plasticity under pathological conditions. It begins by reviewing the evidence indicating that ... More


Sodium and Potassium Secretion by Iguana Salt Glands: Acclimation or Adaptation?

Lisa C Hazard

in Iguanas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238541
eISBN:
9780520930117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238541.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter is concerned with electrolyte regulation in herbivorous reptiles, especially those living in marine and intertidal habitats. It discusses the distribution of salt glands among the lizard ... More


Comprehensive supportive care for chronic pulmonary infections

Gary T. Buckholz and Charles F. von Gunten

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Chronic respiratory infections are a major healthcare issue around the world associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment of these infections often entails prolonged antimicrobial ... More


Multidisciplinary Care: Speech and Language Therapy

Amanda Scott and Maryanne McPhee

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Communicating is a fundamental human activity, enabling people to share thoughts about life experiences. For ALS patients, speech may become incomprehensible and the language and cognitive functions ... More


Symptom control in care of the dying

Paul Glare, Andrew Dickman, and Margaret Goodman

in Care for the Dying: A Pathway to Excellence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198509332
eISBN:
9780191730177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509332.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses symptom control in care of the dying. It is divided into three sections, each of which is written by a single author. The first section, written by Paul Glare, looks at the ... More


Salivary gland dysfunction

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The salivary glands are divided into two: the major salivary glands and the minor salivary glands. Together with the parasympathetic nervous system, these glands play a crucial role in saliva ... More


The management of sweating

Mary Miller

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Sweating is an uncommon symptom, but it creates great discomfort in patients with advanced cancer. Sweating is the secretion of fluids, primarily water and sodium chloride, from the sweat glands onto ... More


Dopamine and Parkinson’s Disease Neuropsychiatry

Patrick McNamara

in The Cognitive Neuropsychiatry of Parkinson's Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016087
eISBN:
9780262298360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016087.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter finds Parkinson’s disease (PD) to be the main cause of excessive secretion of pigmented dopamine in brain cells, which results in degenerating agentic functions and neuropsychiatric ... More


Pain, psychological distress, and other symptoms

David Oliver, Gian Domenico Borasio, and Wendy Johnston (eds)

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Diagnosis to Bereavement, 3rd Edn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199686025
eISBN:
9780191765940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686025.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

People with ALS are at risk for symptoms related to the direct and indirect effects of the disease. Pain, weakness, cramps and spasticity, difficult-to-manage secretions, depression, anxiety, ... More


Top-down pressures and indirect defences

Edward E. Farmer

in Leaf Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199671441
eISBN:
9780191779626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671441.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Plant populations are remodelled after carnivore removal, and the animals that eat herbivores can play critical roles in the biology of the leaf. Of particular interest is the fact that plants often ... More


The evolution of novel hemoglobin functions and physiological innovation

Jay F. Storz

in Hemoglobin: Insights into protein structure, function, and evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198810681
eISBN:
9780191847929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810681.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 7 explores the evolution of novel hemoglobin functions and physiological innovations. In the epic sweep of life’s history on Earth, globin proteins such as vertebrate hemoglobin were only ... More


Formative extraction, combining forms, and neoclassical compounding

D. Gary Miller

in English Lexicogenesis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689880
eISBN:
9780191770371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689880.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter looks at the extraction of new formatives, like -(a)thon, -(a/o)holic, which behave parallel to neoclassical combining forms (e.g. -phobia, -(o)logist) in the creation of ... More


Tamarix and Salinity: An Overview

Michelle K. Ohrtman and Ken D. Lair

in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199898206
eISBN:
9780190267896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199898206.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the effect of Tamarix on environmental salinity, including the physiological adaptations for salt tolerance by Tamarix and how it may enhance environmental salt loading. There ... More


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