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Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Screening: Evidence and practice

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book presents a wealth of experience derived from improvements in UK screening over recent years and it covers all aspects of screening. The first four chapters of the book deal with concepts, ... More


Membrane proteins

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The structural studies of membrane proteins lag those of their soluble counterparts. This is mainly due to the difficulty in crystallizing membrane proteins that have large hydrophobic regions that ... More


 What Doctors Must Know about Medical Practice

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows the importance of recognizing the probabilistic nature of medical diagnosis and treatment. It discusses the possibly serious effects of physicians not understanding Bayes theorem, ... More


Philosophical Issues in the Levels‐of‐Selection Debate

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to resolve several outstanding philosophical debates over the levels of selection. A number of suggested criteria in the literature for determining the ‘real’ level(s) of selection ... More


Delegation and its Peril s

Arthur Lupia

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents a formal theoretical framework that clarifies when principals can, and cannot, use delegation to accomplish desired ends. It shows the conditions (having to do with preferences and ... More


Interaction effects in diffusive two-dimensional electron transport

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter continues the discussion of interaction effects in transport starts from the fractional quantum Hall effect in Chapter 16, but returns to the case of zero magnetic field. The influence ... More


Checking the Republic

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What steps can be taken to place checks on those who run the republic, given the imperfections of human nature? The institutional resources available for guarding against corruptibility boil down to ... More


Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Anthony Swerdlow, Isabel Dos Santos Silva, and Richard Doll

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer causes a quarter of all deaths in England and Wales. There is great professional and public interest in cancer trends, but no satisfactory source to which to turn to find information about ... More


Ambient Screens and Transnational Public Spaces

Nikos Papastergiadis (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888208920
eISBN:
9789888313839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208920.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Large public screens have now become a ubiquitous part of the contemporary cityscape. Far from being simply oversized televisions, the media experts contributing to Ambient Screens and Transnational ... More


Changing Parameters in Deafness and Deaf Education: Greater Opportunity but Continuing Diversity

Greg Leigh

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on two developments that will speed up change in the population profile of DHH children: early identification through universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and early ... More


Appraising the Impact of the Human Capital Research Program

Jacob Mincer

in Jacob Mincer: A Founding Father of Modern Labor Economics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199211319
eISBN:
9780191705748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211319.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Despite fruitful collaborations and developments, human capital analysis was increasingly challenged. The criticisms became more noticeable in the mid-1970s when the private returns to education ... More


Research Programs, “Autistic Disturbances,” and Human Difference

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of autism from its first characterization as a rare emotional disturbance in 1943 to its present status as a potential epidemic. It examines ... More


Micro/Nanofluidic Processes

Patrick Tabeling and Yi‐Kuen Lee

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter describes key micro/nanofluidic processes that are successfully implemented on microsystems: mixing, concentrating, diluting, extracting, etc., in both continuous and droplet forms. ... More


Veiling Architecture: Decoration of Domestic Buildings in Upper Egypt 1672-1950

Ahmed Abdel-Gawad

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789774164873
eISBN:
9781617971099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164873.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In the Nile Valley and desert oases south of Cairo—Upper Egypt—surviving domestic buildings from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries demonstrate a unique and varied strand of ... More


Assessing the evidence for clinical utility in newborn screening

Scott D. Grosse

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines key methodological issues in collecting and analyzing data on outcomes in individuals with genetic disorders that are candidates for inclusion in screening panels, and reviews ... More


Hereditary hemochromatosis: population screening for gene mutations

Diana B. Petitti

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Hemochromatosis encompasses issues of importance to basic scientists, clinical researchers, clinicians, epidemiologists, public health professionals, and policy makers. Understanding its history, the ... More


Automation of non-conventional crystallization techniques for screening and optimization

Naomi E. Chayen

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The availability of high-quality crystals is crucial to the structure determination of proteins by X-ray diffraction. It is still not understood why some proteins crystallize with ease while others ... More


DETECTORS FOR SYNCHROTRON TOMOGRAPHY

Heinz Graafsma and Thierry Martin

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Efforts are underway to optimize two-dimensional X-ray detectors, which have become a standard at synchrotron sources for practically all applications including tomography. Area detectors can be ... More


Good Fences Make Good Neighbors

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

If source reduction and insecticides do not solve the problem, then barriers can at least make the indoor environment more pleasant. Screens, screen doors, and properly constructed walls and houses ... More


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