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The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Stephen Gaukroger

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The West's sense of itself, its relation to its past, and its sense of its future have been profoundly altered since the 17th century as cognitive values generally have gradually come to be shaped ... More


What is Science?

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter highlights key moments in which science emerges and separates from other types of intellectual inquiry. In particular, it focuses on three periods of history that are critical to the ... More


The Traditional Sciences, the Scientific Revolution, and Its Aftermath

Seyyed Hossein Nasr

in Religion & The Order of Nature: The 1994 Cadbury Lectures at the University of Birmingham

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108231
eISBN:
9780199853441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108231.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

To understand the radical transformations brought about by modern science concerning the order of nature, it is necessary first to mention the significance of the traditional sciences of the cosmos ... More


A Wider Role for Analogies

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This concluding chapter outlines how my theory of analogical arguments can be extended to analogies in scientific revolutions and, more generally, outside science. As an example, Hacking's analogical ... More


Taking an Empirical Stance

Ernan McMullin

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by considering the role of emotion in scientific revolutions. It argues that one can undergo a scientific revolution without ever facing an existentialist moment where emotion is ... More


Whatever Should We Do with Cartesian Method?—Reclaiming Descartes for the History of Science

John A. Schuster

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes the discovery, perfection, and application of the scientific method as the Scientific Revolution happens. Bacon, Galileo, Harvey, Huygens, and Newton were singularly successful ... More


Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Jonathan I. Israel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late 17th and 18th centuries — in the wake of the Scientific Revolution — of ... More


From the Occult to Mechanical Theories of the Discharge

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter examines new theories about the mechanisms of torpedo discharge that emerged as a consequence of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. These theories are centered on mechanical ... More


Geography, Science, and the Scientific Revolution

Charles W. J. Withers (ed.)

in Geography and Revolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487335
eISBN:
9780226487359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487359.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter suggests that, albeit in different ways and places and for different men, geography is part of what we have come to term the “Scientific Revolution,” which is generally recognized and ... More


“The Ray of Life”: Science in Revolutions

Nikolai Krementsov

in Revolutionary Experiments: The Quest for Immortality in Bolshevik Science and Fiction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199992980
eISBN:
9780199370016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199992980.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

With Mikhail Bulgakov’s novella “Fateful Eggs” as its entry point, this chapter identifies the common contexts that shaped the interactions of various actors involved with scientific and literary ... More


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