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Conflicts of Interest and Scientific Objectivity

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Researchers and research institutions have a variety of financial, personal, and political interests that sometimes conflict with their professional, ethical, or legal obligations. These situations ... More


The Ideal of Objectivity

Philip Kitcher

in Science, Truth, and Democracy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The next step is to explore the possibility of scientific objectivity. It is argued that the supposed underdetermination of theory by evidence is not as intractable a problem as it has sometimes ... More


The Science–Policy Interface

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Public resources are managed to satisfy societal values, and policies are set to prescribe management programs that satisfy those values. Science does not set policies but provides a factual ... More


Why the Science Missed the Mark

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Research by Yellowstone biologists was administered by the park until 1993, when they were transferred out of the National Park Service (NPS). Park northern-range research since 1971 has largely ... More


Epistemology Resuscitated: Objectivity as Trustworthiness

Naomi Scheman

in Shifting Ground: Knowledge and Reality, Transgression and Trustworthiness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195395112
eISBN:
9780190267483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395112.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter argues for the political, post-modern dimensions in philosophy (among them feminist philosophy) which has been dismissed by practitioners of the more traditional and apolitical approach ... More


The Weather Prediction Enterprise

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Centered on the unfolding and eventual closure of a recent, highly contentious operational transition at the NWS, this chapter introduces readers to the institutionalized environment in which NWS ... More


Neo-Kantianism, Scientific Realism, and Modern Physics

Michael Friedman

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant’s original philosophical project took Euclidean geometry and Newtonian mechanics as synthetic a priori sciences fixed for all time. Developments in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ... More


Quality of Life Measures in Health Care and Medical Ethics

Dan Brock

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Brock's comprehensive study of measures of quality of life in the area of healthcare shows that doctors and philosophers, in their quest for the best way to assess the quality of patients’ lives, ... More


The Zoomorphism of Human Collective Violence

R. B. Zajonc

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The fields of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary social psychology were spawned by the intellectual ferment created by the principles of inclusive fitness and reproductive success. Based on ... More


Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

William Rehg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Recent years have seen a series of intense, increasingly acrimonious debates over the status and legitimacy of the natural sciences. These “science wars” take place in the public arena—with current ... More


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