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Legal Christianity Refuted

Steven K. Green

in The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195399677
eISBN:
9780199777150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the decline of the maxim of Christianity’s incorporation into the law. It discusses the transformation in attitudes during the antebellum era through the impact of movements ... More


Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

E. Brian Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How do scientific conjectures become laws? Why does proof mean different things in different sciences? Do numbers exist, or were they invented? Why do some laws turn out to be wrong? This book ... More


Laws and Modalities in Scientific Practice

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses how laws and natural necessity figure in scientific understanding, by developing and extending Marc Lange’s and John Haugeland’s complementary accounts of the role of laws in ... More


How the Laws of Physics Lie

Nancy Cartwright

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247043
eISBN:
9780191597152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247044.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Nancy Cartwright argues for a novel conception of the role of fundamental scientific laws in modern natural science. If we attend closely to the manner in which theoretical laws figure in the ... More


Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is ... More


Experimental Practice and Conceptual Understanding

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes up the role of experimental practice in the articulation of conceptual understanding in the sciences, as a passage between the Scylla of merely “Given” experiential or causal ... More


Mill's Rule Utilitarianism in Context

Rex Martin

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The notion of rule utilitarianism has been discussed under two main headings: ideal-rules utilitarianism and “indirect” utilitarianism. The chapter sketches out each perspective along three different ... More


The Model

Storrs McCall

in A Model of the Universe: Space-Time, Probability, and Decision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236221
eISBN:
9780191679209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236221.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter attempts to show a model of the universe that can illuminate, perhaps even resolve, some difficult philosophical problems, such as the problems of the direction and flow of time; what ... More


The Science of Resource Nonuse

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter argues that some of the fundamental forces and scientific “laws” of the universe may reveal that natural resources are not just made up of use qualities, but also a parallel, and equal, ... More


Three Appeals and a Kantian Conclusion

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents three replies to the argument that being committed to scientific laws does not entail a commitment to determinism and hence is compatible with free will. First, there are ... More


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