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Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

E. Brian Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How do scientific conjectures become laws? Why does proof mean different things in different sciences? Do numbers exist, or were they invented? Why do some laws turn out to be wrong? This book ... More


Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Richard Whitley, Jochen Gläser, and Lars Engwall (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

The governance of the public sciences has profoundly changed since the Second World War, especially with regard to funding structures, the autonomy, and accountability of public research ... More


 Muslim Koranic Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the Islamic belief that the Koran (Qur'an) was authored by Allah and revealed to Muhammad via the angel Gabriel, and dissects the alleged ‘proofs’ for Koranic divinity. The ... More


Demonstration and Dialectic

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle's ethical epistemology — his account of ethical knowledge — has two major components. The first explains the nature of our knowledge of ethical universals such as justice, moderation, and ... More


Knowledge and language ‘for the ladies’

Helena Sanson

in Women, Language and Grammar in Italy, 1500-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264836
eISBN:
9780191754043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264836.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Across Europe, as early as the seventeenth century (and even more so in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries) women became the target of scientific treatises which aimed to explain new ... More


The Limits of Science: What Do We Really Know?

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter considers the general limits of scientific knowledge, and identifies probability and entropy as important measures of human ignorance; scientific predictions are shown to be severely ... More


The Limits of Science

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It has been manifested over the past few centuries that science provides superbly powerful tools and methods for modifying the natural world. Many people would agree that it has also offered ... More


Global Change Discourses

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores different understandings and interpretations of each process of global change. Drawing from discourse analysis and theories about the social construction of scientific ... More


Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

C. D. C. Reeve

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that ... More


Does Knowledge Imply Belief or Acceptance?

L. JONATHAN COHEN

in An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

While a scientific approach can be adopted to look into the laws of nature for attempting to obtain knowledge in a sense that such knowledge entails the acceptance of a particular idea. There is ... More


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