Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 128 items

  • Keywords: scientific knowledge x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

E. Brian Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How do scientific conjectures become laws? Why does proof mean different things in different sciences? Do numbers exist, or were they invented? Why do some laws turn out to be wrong? This book ... More


Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Richard Whitley, Jochen Gläser, and Lars Engwall (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

The governance of the public sciences has profoundly changed since the Second World War, especially with regard to funding structures, the autonomy, and accountability of public research ... More


 Muslim Koranic Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the Islamic belief that the Koran (Qur'an) was authored by Allah and revealed to Muhammad via the angel Gabriel, and dissects the alleged ‘proofs’ for Koranic divinity. The ... More


Demonstration and Dialectic

C. D. C. REEVE

in Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle's ethical epistemology — his account of ethical knowledge — has two major components. The first explains the nature of our knowledge of ethical universals such as justice, moderation, and ... More


The Differentiated Religious Significance of Space and Some Secular Analogues for Religious Knowledge

Mark R. Wynn

in Faith and Place: An Essay in Embodied Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560387
eISBN:
9780191721175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560387.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the main themes of the book and explains its structure. It notes how the concerns of the book can be related to two other bodies of literature: first, the literature in ... More


Knowledge and language ‘for the ladies’

Helena Sanson

in Women, Language and Grammar in Italy, 1500-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264836
eISBN:
9780191754043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264836.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Across Europe, as early as the seventeenth century (and even more so in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries) women became the target of scientific treatises which aimed to explain new ... More


The Limits of Science: What Do We Really Know?

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter considers the general limits of scientific knowledge, and identifies probability and entropy as important measures of human ignorance; scientific predictions are shown to be severely ... More


Global Change Discourses

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores different understandings and interpretations of each process of global change. Drawing from discourse analysis and theories about the social construction of scientific ... More


The Limits of Science

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It has been manifested over the past few centuries that science provides superbly powerful tools and methods for modifying the natural world. Many people would agree that it has also offered ... More


Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

C. D. C. Reeve

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that ... More


Does Knowledge Imply Belief or Acceptance?

L. JONATHAN COHEN

in An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

While a scientific approach can be adopted to look into the laws of nature for attempting to obtain knowledge in a sense that such knowledge entails the acceptance of a particular idea. There is ... More


The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Nicholas Maxwell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a radically new conception of science. According to the orthodox conception, scientific theories are accepted and rejected impartially with respect to evidence, no permanent ... More


Scientific Knowledge

Philip Kitcher

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Scientific Knowledge,” Philip Kitcher challenges arguments that deny the truth of the theoretical claims of science, and he attempts to discover reasons for endorsing the truth of such claims. He ... More


The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


Conclusion: Governance and Environment: Policy Challenges and Research Questions

Eric Brousseau, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Pierre-Andre Jouvet, and Marc Willinger

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the dilemmas associated with establishing collective goals in matters of sustainable development, then the properties of the mechanisms available for deciding to frame our ... More


“Smash Temples, Build Schools”: Comparing Secularism in India and China

Peter van der Veer

in The Modern Spirit of Asia: The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128146
eISBN:
9781400848553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128146.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses secularism as a political project with its own utopian elements. Secularism refers to the growing importance of scientific knowledge that is not constrained by religious ... More


All Animals Are Not Equal: The Interface between Scientific Knowledge and Legislation for Animal Rights

Lesley J. Rogers and Gisela Kaplan

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the interface between scientific knowledge and legislation for animal rights. It reviews available and up-to-date scientific evidence for awareness of self, ... More


Mathematical Change and Scientific Change

Philip Kitcher

in The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195035414
eISBN:
9780199833368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195035410.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapters 7–9 offer a general account of the growth of mathematics. Introduce the notion of a mathematical practice, a multidimensional entity consisting of a language, accepted statements, accepted ... More


The Nature of Science

Sergei Bulgakov

in Philosophy of Economy: The World as Household

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300079906
eISBN:
9780300132854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300079906.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter discusses the following: the multiplicity of scientific knowledge; the economic nature of science; the sophic nature of science; epistemology and praxeology; science and life; the ... More


Naturalism and the A Priori

Penelope Maddy

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Penelope Maddy investigates the concept of the a priori in the context of contemporary scientific naturalism, arguing that a naturalistic account of the growth of scientific knowledge refutes the ... More


View: