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Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Science, Truth, and Democracy

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What should be the goal of science in a democratic society? Some say, to attain the truth; others deny the possibility (or even the intelligibility) of truth‐seeking. Science, Truth, and Democracy ... More


How could science show that the laws govern?

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

One crucial part of the law‐governed world‐picture is the idea that empirical science is capable of showing that the universe is governed by laws of nature; we do not have to rely on extra‐scientific ... More


The Province of Jurisprudence Predetermined

Allan C. Hutchinson

in The Province of Jurisprudence Democratized

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195343250
eISBN:
9780199867752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343250.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The attractions of the scientific method have been given a new lease on jurisprudential life. The lack of scientific ambition is considered by some to be the failing of contemporary legal theory, and ... More


What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Joshua S. Bloom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the Cold War, these evanescent high-energy explosions ... More


Narrative and the Rationality of Mathematical Practice

David Corfield

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the rationality of mathematical practice in relation to narrative. It begins with a discussion of Alasdair MacIntyre's account of rational enquiry, Three Rival Versions of Moral ... More


Naturalism Lost: Nature Regained

Conor Cunningham

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter argues that while methodological naturalism is an essential component of scientific inquiry, metaphyscial naturalism threatens to undermine the very practice and intelligibility of ... More


On Understanding the Nature of Scientific Knowledge

Susan Carey and Carol Smith

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry is the central topic of this section. The authors communicate their opposition to the usual textbook practice, and assert that science is not just a ... More


Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge

Brian A. Maurer

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Practitioners of science often go about their craft in a manner that is unique to each discipline. Statistics must serve different purposes defined by the nature of the subject matter and maturity of ... More


Language, Meaning, and Information: A Case Study on the Path from Philosophy to Science

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is a case study of the process by which the attempt to solve philosophical problems sometimes leads to the birth of new domains of scientific inquiry. It traces how advances in logic and ... More


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