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Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Bradley Monton (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book contains thirteen specially written chapters which discuss topics from the work of Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the most important contemporary philosophers of science. The central and ... More


 Problems of Rivalry with Science

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The divergence between the world descriptions provided by physical science and by common sense has led to some of the oldest and most persistent arguments for eliminating ordinary objects. Some ... More


The Universe As We Find It

John Heil

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This book offers answers to the following questions. What does reality encompass? Is reality exclusively physical? Or does reality include non‐physical — mental, and perhaps ‘abstract’ — aspects? ... More


 Common Sense, the Manifest Image, and Immaterialism

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

With an interpretation of Berkeley's view of spirits in hand, this chapter turns to the task of situating that view of spirits within his overall positive metaphysics and defending the connection it ... More


Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


Introduction

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hypothesis is that space‐time is what there is. W.V. Quine's ‘abstract objects’ are rejected. What exists should play some causal role (Graham Oddie's Eleatic Principle). The nature of space‐time ... More


Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most difficult challenge for naturalists in philosophy is accounting for scientific understanding of nature as itself a scientifically intelligible natural phenomenon. This book advances ... More


On Sellars's Two Images of the World

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reviews Sellars's arguments for the ultimate ontological primacy of the ‘scientific image’ over the ‘manifest image’, despite the fact that the manifest image is essential to the ... More


Constructive Empiricism and the Argument from Underdetermination

Maarten Van Dyck

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the arguments van Fraassen gives for constructive empiricism. Van Fraassen is often presented as giving some version of the argument from underdetermination: the argument which ... More


Introduction

Bradley Monton

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the chapters included in this book. The chapters in Part I make important contributions to the developing understanding of what van Fraassen achieved ... More


Scientific Significance

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientific research and understanding are more selectively focused than traditional conceptions of a comprehensive scientific image suggest. Most truths and possible topics of inquiry have little or ... More


Van Fraassen on Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon and Philip Kitcher

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Coauthored by Philip Kitcher, deals critically with the view – whose most influential proponent is Bas van Fraassen – that the traditional problems of scientific explanation can be resolved by means ... More


Philosophy, Science, and Common Sense

Hilary Kornblith

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Wilfrid Sellars recognized a conflict between what he called “the scientific image” of our place in the world, and “the manifest image.” Sellars sought, somehow, to join these views together in spite ... More


Drawing in a Social Science: Lithic Illustration

Dominic McIver Lopes

in Aesthetics on the Edge: Where Philosophy Meets the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198796657
eISBN:
9780191860829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796657.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Scientific images represent types or particulars. According to a standard history of scientific images, with its accompanying epistemology, drawings are fit to represent types whereas machine-made ... More


Images, Descriptions, and Pictures: Personhood and the Clash

Willem A. deVries

in Sellars and his Legacy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198766872
eISBN:
9780191823909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766872.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the “clash” between the scientific and manifest images cannot be a stark conflict between two supposedly “complete” conceptual frameworks, as Sellars tends to portray it. ... More


Images of Time: Mind, Science, Reality

George Jaroszkiewicz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198718062
eISBN:
9780191787553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718062.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Time is fascinating and important to everyone. This book does two things: it reviews a great range of images of time, that is, theories of time, from a diversity of perspectives: historical, ... More


Conclusion: Consciousness and the Manifest Image

Keith Allen

in A Naïve Realist Theory of Colour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755364
eISBN:
9780191816659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755364.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Questions about the nature and existence of colour have an important bearing on wider questions about the nature of consciousness and, more generally, the relationship between the ‘manifest’ and ... More


Neuroexistentialism: Third-Wave Existentialism

Owen Flanagan and Gregg D. Caruso

in Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals, and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190460723
eISBN:
9780190460754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190460723.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Neuroexistentialism is a recent expression of existential anxiety over the nature of persons. Unlike previous existentialisms, neuroexistentialism is not caused by a problem with ecclesiastical ... More


What to Take Away from Sellars’s Kantian Naturalism

James R. O’Shea

in Sellars and his Legacy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198766872
eISBN:
9780191823909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766872.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes Sellars’s uniquely Kantian naturalist outlook both in general and concerning ‘epistemic principles’ in particular. This remains a plausible and distinctive position when ... More


Film, Art, and the Third Culture: A Naturalized Aesthetics of Film

Murray Smith

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198790648
eISBN:
9780191837791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790648.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Sixty years ago C. P. Snow began his campaign against the ‘two cultures’—the debilitating divide, as he saw it, between traditional ‘literary intellectual’ culture, and the culture of the ... More


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