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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


WHO CAN WE TRUST?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

To make decisions successfully on how to use GE for the betterment of humankind and the environment, the public will need to understand the scientific process and learn to distinguish high-quality ... More


Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

E. Brian Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How do scientific conjectures become laws? Why does proof mean different things in different sciences? Do numbers exist, or were they invented? Why do some laws turn out to be wrong? This book ... More


Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Bradley Monton (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book contains thirteen specially written chapters which discuss topics from the work of Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the most important contemporary philosophers of science. The central and ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


Myth: A Biography of Belief

David Leeming

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142884
eISBN:
9780199834402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142888.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Myths are living entities that continue to energize thought and action in the modern world. If ancient mythmakers conceived of the evident reality of creation in terms of character and events we ... More


Wine and Conversation

Adrienne Lehrer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The vocabulary of wine is large and exceptionally vibrant—from straight-forward descriptive words like “sweet” and “fragrant”, colorful metaphors like “ostentatious” and “brash”, to the more ... More


The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Michael C. Banner

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

Believers and non-believers often take it for granted that traditional religious faith is, in principle, incapable of the sort of justification which might be given to a scientific theory. Yet how ... More


The Universe As We Find It

John Heil

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This book offers answers to the following questions. What does reality encompass? Is reality exclusively physical? Or does reality include non‐physical — mental, and perhaps ‘abstract’ — aspects? ... More


Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Janet A. Kourany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The goal of Philosophy of Science after Feminism is not only a (descriptively and normatively) more adequate philosophy of science than what we have now, but also a more socially engaged and socially ... More


Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


The Situated Self

J. T. Ismael

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Physics reveals a world composed of events arranged in a fixed configuration, like locations on a map. But where are we ourselves, the creatures who construct the map, to be found in the world it ... More


The Development of Scientific Language

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The treatment of language by philosophers has been biased toward scientific language, requiring precision in reference, denotation, and truth conditions. Scientific language, however, is special, and ... More


Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


 Realism, Pessimism, and Underdetermination

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of scientific realism. It then looks at some reasons that have been given for doubting that the pessimistic induction and the underdetermination of theories by ... More


Conclusion

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

By the middle of the eighteenth century, the elevated place natural philosophy had achieved remained secure, and indeed was reinforced as naturalization became a dominant explanatory strategy. On the ... More


Theory and Meaning

David Papineau

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is concerned with those aspects of the theory of meaning for scientific terms that are relevant to questions about the evaluation of scientific theories. The contemporary debate about ... More


What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Charles D. Bailyn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Emitting no radiation or any other kind of information, black holes mark the edge of the universe—both physically and in our scientific understanding. Yet astronomers have found clear evidence for ... More


The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

B. Alan Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book takes a bold new look at ways of exploring the nature, origins, and potentials of consciousness within the context of science and religion. It draws careful distinctions between four ... More


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