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Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks

Richard Whitley

in Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities: The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199205172
eISBN:
9780191709555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter extends and integrates the analysis of innovation systems presented in Chapter 3 and the account of how different firms develop different kinds of organizational capabilities outlined in ... More


Innovation policy for Japan in a new era

Tateo Arimoto

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Among the most prominent policy attempts to reshape Japan's innovation system has been moves to create an environment conducive to basic research and breakthrough innovations. This chapter reminds us ... More


Is National Technology Policy Obsolete in a Globalised World?: The Japanese Vision

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of the convergence hypothesis, which argues that there has been a convergence in the economies of the major industrialized countries in the post‐World War ... More


Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Maureen McKelvey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This book examines the initial commercial uses of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is one of the most modern, controversial and dynamic of the science-based technologies. It is not an object, ... More


Integrated Solutions to Complex Problems: Transforming Japanese Science and Technology

Masaru Yarime

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Japan caught up with the West by initially importing scientific knowledge, adapting it to local circumstances, learning from trial and error, and then innovating better technologies. With the rise of ... More


Visions of Future Technologies: Government, Globalisation, and Universities in Japanese Biotechnology

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An outline is first given of several influential views regarding the role of the Japanese government and universities in the area of biotechnology. The role of the Japanese Ministry of International ... More


Science, Technology, and Innovation

Wendy Faulkner, Jacqueline Senker, and LÉa Velho

in Knowledge Frontiers: Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Biotechnology, Engineering Ceramics, and Parallel Computing

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288336
eISBN:
9780191684586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288336.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

During the 1960s when post-war optimism regarding benefits brought about by expenditures on RD&D experienced a decline, research on the industry-PSR linkage that is policy-oriented emerged from ... More


The Legend Computer Group Company: A Model of ‘One Academy, Two Systems’

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

The Legend Computer Group Company was listed as the largest enterprise in the Chinese information technology industry. Officially, the company describes itself as a new type of state-owned enterprise ... More


New Partners

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the emergence of new partners and alliances of the AHRB. In 2000, Brian Follet was appointed as the Chairman of the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB). As the appointed ... More


Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

Colin Latimer

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The modern era in Japan is normally considered as beginning in 1868 when the feudal age, or Edo era, finally ended. The Emperor Meiji declared the restoration of Imperial rule in January 1868 (the ... More


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