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The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199213535
eISBN:
9780191707629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is devoted to problems of shape identification in the context of (inverse) scattering problems and problems of impedance tomography. In contrast to traditional methods which are based on ... More


Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Peter Monk

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Since the middle of the last century, computing power has increased sufficiently that the direct numerical approximation of Maxwell’s equations is now an increasingly important tool in science and ... More


Analysis of the molecular short‐range order

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Whilst the transition from short‐range order to long‐range order is not a sharp transition, i.e. there is a steady progression, there are metrics to judge the shorter‐range effects. These are ... More


Complementary techniques

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Crystallography is a powerful technique but also one that has limitations. There are a number of complementary techniques that significantly add to the information available crystallographically.


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, quantum, and symmetry aspects, with applications

Roger E. Raab and Owen L. de Lange

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567271
eISBN:
9780191717970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567271.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The book opens with a chapter on the classical theory of multipoles in electromagnetism, in which static and dynamic multipole expansions of various physical quantities are derived, including of the ... More


Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525820
eISBN:
9780191712234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents a statistical theory of complex wave scattering and quantum transport in a class of physical systems of current interest having chaotic classical dynamics (e.g., microwave cavities ... More


Introduction

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter gives a brief introduction into diffuse scattering and provides a discussion of disordered materials within the scope of this book.


Measuring Advertising Productivity

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter begins by evaluating methods for determining how productive the firm's aggregate advertising spending is in both the short and long runs. Following this, it analyzes methods for ... More


Polarisation: Applications in Remote Sensing

Shane Cloude

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199569731
eISBN:
9780191721908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569731.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book is concerned with the exploitation of polarisation effects in electromagnetic wave scattering for applications in remote sensing. It combines, for the first time, the topics of scattering ... More


SOLAR RADIATION TRANSFER IN THE ATMOSPHERE

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the transfer of solar radiation within the Earth's atmosphere and at the surface. The main processes discussed are molecular absorption in the ultraviolet-visible and ... More


The MUSIC algorithm and scattering by an inhomogeneous medium

Andreas Kirsch and Natalia Grinberg

in The Factorization Method for Inverse Problems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199213535
eISBN:
9780191707629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213535.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter examines the case of a penetrable scatterer with an index of refraction that can be space-dependent and is assumed to be different from the constant background index. The inverse ... More


The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Sönke Johnsen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Optics—a field of physics focusing on the study of light—is also central to many areas of biology, including vision, ecology, botany, animal behavior, neurobiology, and molecular biology. This book ... More


Introduction to diffraction

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This introductory chapter provides information on some fundamental aspects of crystal structures and their diffraction of X-rays as a basis for the rest of the book. It describes electrons, atoms, ... More


Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Rolf Hempelmann

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book provides an account of quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) which has made many important contributions to the atomistic elucidation of diffusion processes in solids. The unique feature of ... More


Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


Why We Should Shift to Symmetric Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When data are scattered, Ordinary Least-Squares (OLS) regression produces two quite distinct regression lines – one for y versus x and another for x versus y – and both may differ appreciably from ... More


Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics

Jean Zinn-Justin

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198566748
eISBN:
9780191717994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566748.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Path integrals are mathematical objects that can be considered as generalizations to an infinite number of variables, represented by paths, of usual integrals. They share the algebraic properties of ... More


TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF CHARGE CARRIERS AT LOW TEMPERATURE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the main experimental techniques used to measure the drift velocity in superfluid 4He at low temperature. The experimental results are then presented by showing the ... More


Scattering

Sönke Johnsen

in The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses scattering. As mentioned already, optics is primarily photons interacting with electrons, atoms, and molecules. If the energy of the photon matches the difference in energy ... More


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