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Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Barry M McCoy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book begins where elementary books and courses leave off and covers the advances made in statistical mechanics in the past fifty years. The book is divided into three parts. The first part is on ... More


Critical phenomena and scaling theory

Barry M. McCoy

in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the phenomenological description of critical phenomena. It derives inequalities for critical exponents which follow from thermodynamics. It explains the scaling theory of ... More


Disorder and interference: localization phenomena

Cord A. Müller and Dominique Delande

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In the presence of disorder, classical transport is usually diffusive. This chapter deals with the effect of interference between multiply scattered waves on transport properties. Interference may ... More


THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF PURE FLUIDS

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter gives an account of the statistical thermodynamics of pure fluids composed of non-spherical molecules. The early part of the chapter gives the derivation of equations for the various ... More


Logic Models: Theories of Change, Leverage, and Scale

Peter Frumkin (ed.)

in Strategic Giving: The Art and Science of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226266268
eISBN:
9780226266282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266282.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the role of the theories of change, leverage, and scale in helping donors improve philanthropic effectiveness. It explains that there are strong connections linking these ... More


Anderson Localization

Keith Slevin and Tomi Ohtsuki

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews briefly the theory of the Anderson localisation of electrons. In disordered materials at low temperatures, quantum interference may lead to the suppression of diffusion. If this ... More


Diffusive quantum transport

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Based on the discussion of electron interference in Chapter 14, this chapter returns to electronic transport in large diffusive systems. It discusses the weak localization effect, i.e., quantum ... More


NI-Meters in Theory and Practice

Justin London

in Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195160819
eISBN:
9780199786763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160819.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter begins with some general considerations of the effect of the overall size of an NI meter (cardinality) and interactions between NI meters and NI rhythms. Scale theory (that is, the ... More


Experimental Techniques for Low-Temperature Measurements: Cryostat Design, Material Properties and Superconductor Critical-Current Testing

Jack Ekin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570547
eISBN:
9780191717710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents an integrated, step-by-step approach to the design and construction of low-temperature measurement apparatus. It is effectively two books in one: a textbook on cryostat design ... More


NI Meters in Theory and Practice

Justin London

in Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744374
eISBN:
9780199949632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744374.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

The chapter begins with some general considerations of the effect of the overall size of an NI meter (cardinality) and interactions between NI meters and NI rhythms. Scale theory (that is, the ... More


Statistical physics of condensed matter: basic concepts

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter explains the basic ideas and concepts of the modern quantum theory of condensed matter. It starts by discussing phase transition in classical systems, scaling, and renormalisation ... More


On Body Size and Life History of Mammals

James H. Brown, Astrid Kodric-Brown, and Richard M. Sibly

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter applies metabolic scaling theory to explore how several aspects of mammal life history—namely, production rates of females and body sizes, sexual ornaments, and weapons of males—vary ... More


Extreme Outcomes, Connectivity, and Power Laws: Towards an Econophysics of Organization

Max Boisot and Bill McKelvey

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Organization science to study extremes more rigorously. For a new perspective, we turn to an emerging new physics expressly aimed at dealing with complexity dynamics, Econophysics. It incorporates ... More


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