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The Making of Legal Authority: Non-legislative Codifications in Historical and Comparative Perspective

Nils Jansen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199588763
eISBN:
9780191723315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588763.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Accounts of the nature of legal authority typically focus on the authority of officially sanctioned rules issued by legally recognised bodies — legislatures, courts, and regulators — that fit ... More


Sanctions Enforcer: Economic Sanctions and the Oil‐for‐Food Program

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278572
eISBN:
9780191604119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278571.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the inspections-plus-sanctions approach to Iraqi disarmament, which characterized the enforcement aspects of this third phase of UN involvement in Iraq. The sanctions regime ... More


Challenging Acts of International Organizations Before National Courts

August Reinisch (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199595297
eISBN:
9780191595752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The challenging of acts of international organizations before national courts is the focus of this book. After the Kadi-hype following the 2008 European Court of Justice judgment, this book ... More


Targeted Sanctions, Counterterrorism, and Strategic Peacebuilding

George A. Lopez and David Cortright

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The development and reform of smart sanctions makes them a critical element of strategic peacebuilding, specifically in their ability to restrict war and to counter terrorism. Lopez and Cortright ... More


Trade and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effect of international trade on labor conditions around the world. Evidence developed in the chapter shows that open trade policies improve working conditions by raising ... More


Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This final chapter summarizes the findings of the earlier analyses of the impact of globalization on labor conditions and considers the principles that should inform future policies to improve labor ... More


The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Procedure of the UN Security Council is the definitive book of its kind and has been widely used by UN practitioners and scholars for over twenty years. This new revised and ... More


From Secret Garden to Reign of Terror? the Regulation of State Schools in England

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Explores the complex institutional jungle of regulators involved in regulating state schools in England. In this sector, in contrast with the prisons sector, regulators were able to link their ... More


Eurocratic Regulation

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Examines European Union oversight of UK public sector activity, over compliance with EU norms and financial rules. EU regulators, and particularly those within the European Commission, possess ... More


Guarding the Treaty: The Compliance Strategies of the European Commissio n

Tanja A. Börzel

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Analyses the role of the European Commission as guardian of the European Treaty in ensuring compliance with EU law. The study shows that the Commission relies on four different compliance strategies, ... More


Checking the Republic

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What steps can be taken to place checks on those who run the republic, given the imperfections of human nature? The institutional resources available for guarding against corruptibility boil down to ... More


Civilizing the Republic

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The laws that advance the aims of the republic, institutionalize its forms, and establish regulatory controls need to be supported by republican civil norms; the legal republic needs to become a ... More


‘Aroused Like One from Sleep’: From New Poor Law to Contractual Workfare

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses historical and contemporary evidence to demonstrate how British government policies toward the unemployed have increasingly come to rest on the notion of duties and obligations arising from a ... More


Justifying Coercion: The Problem of Punishment

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins with a brief characterization of punishment under law. The central claim is then made that punishment would be justified in a system of civil rights if (1) it prevents or at least ... More


EU Counter-Terrorist Policies and Fundamental Rights: The Case of Individual Sanctions

Christina Eckes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199573769
eISBN:
9780191722158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573769.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

Sanctions against private individuals have been widely used in the fight against terrorism, but not without significant controversy. This book examines the complex institutional and substantive ... More


From the Velvet Glove to the Iron Fist: Criminal Sanctions for the Enforcement of Union Law

Michael Dougan

in Compliance and the Enforcement of EU Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644735
eISBN:
9780191740695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644735.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the obligations concerning the enforcement of substantive Union policies by the member states within the national legal systems. The use of criminal penalties for the ... More


Sanctions

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes sanctions, concentrating primarily on deterrence. In many instances, reflecting current practice, the most important instruments are fines levied by government enforcers and, ... More


Prices, Sanctions, and Discontinuities

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter considers a misalignment between the standards of care and damages due to a court's lack of information regarding causation. It first explains the distinction between prices and ... More


The Relationship between Nonlegal Sanctions and Damages

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter examines positive externalities caused by nonlegal sanctions. It first considers a wrongdoer's incentives in cases where nonlegal sanctions are dead-weight losses versus cases where ... More


Securing Human Rights?: Achievements and Challenges of the UN Security Council

Bardo Fassbender (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641499
eISBN:
9780191732218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641499.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The contributions to this book, which are based on lectures delivered at the Academy of European Law in Florence, take a closer look at the two sides of the United Nations Security Council's ... More


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