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Rural and Urban Income Inequality and Poverty: Does Convergence between Sectors Offset Divergence within Them?

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which ... More


Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Raghbendra Jha

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of India. Discusses the differences between the approach taken to liberalization in India (the Delhi ... More


Poverty Reduction in China: Trends and Causes

Yin Zhang and Guanghua Wan

in Inequality and Growth in Modern China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535194
eISBN:
9780191715730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the trends and causes of poverty in China in the 1990s by applying the Shapley decomposition to unit-record household survey data. The changes in poverty trends are ... More


Agrarian Politics and Rural Development in West Bengal *

Sunil Sengupta and Haris Gazdar

in Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292043
eISBN:
9780191684852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292043.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines recent attempts to address the challenge of rural poverty in West Bengal. One distinguishing feature of the recent history of the said state is a significant change in the ... More


Going, Going, Gone! The Four Wastelands Auction Policy

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Deals with wasteland and related policies. In order to exploit wasteland resources, the central government launched the so-called Four Wastelands Auction Policy. This policy was hailed as a ... More


Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D'Costa (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

India and China—the two largest and fastest growing economies in the world—are contributing to the realignment of the global economy while most of the advanced capitalist countries are reeling under ... More


Older people, low income and place: making connections in rural Britain

Shane Doheny and Paul Milbourne

in Countryside connections: Older people, community and place in rural Britain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447310303
eISBN:
9781447310327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310303.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The chapter provides a critical exploration of the situations and experiences of older people living on low income in different rural places in England and Wales. It draws on evidence from a survey ... More


The Economic Resilience and Predicament of Rural Families

Yi Wu

in Negotiating Rural Land Ownership in Southwest China: State, Village, Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824846770
eISBN:
9780824872168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846770.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the economic resilience of the small family farms and the constraints that these farms faced in the post-Mao era. Key features of the family economy, such as managerialism, ... More


Consuming Grief: Infant Death in the Postcolonial Time of Intervention

Sarah Pinto

in Postcolonial Disorders

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252233
eISBN:
9780520941021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252233.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines ways of addressing and coping with infant death in the context of rural poverty and transnational intervention in postcolonial India, discussing the stories told repeatedly by ... More


Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside

Tore C. Olsson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165202
eISBN:
9781400888054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165202.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1930s and 1940s, rural reformers in the United States and Mexico waged unprecedented campaigns to remake their countrysides in the name of agrarian justice and agricultural productivity. This ... More


Neoliberalism and the Food Crisis

Prabhat Patnaik

in Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195394825
eISBN:
9780199380947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394825.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the trends in food production and availability and shows that in the period following neo-liberal “reforms” per capita output and per capita availability in the country have ... More


Conclusion: Working-Class Community Action

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The Conclusion sums up ongoing anxieties about lower-class cultural difference in the wake of Donald Trump’s electoral victory, exploring the notion that the rural white working class inhabits an ... More


Musical Journeys in Sumatra

Margaret Kartomi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036712
eISBN:
9780252093821
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036712.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Although Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world and home to an estimated 44 million Indonesians, its musical arts and cultures have not been the subject of a book-length study until now. ... More


‘Druid’ Jones on the Carmarthen Circuit: Radicalization and Recreation on the Celtic Fringe

Michael J. Franklin

in Orientalist Jones: Sir William Jones, Poet, Lawyer, and Linguist, 1746-1794

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199532001
eISBN:
9780191730900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532001.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History, British and Irish Modern History

Jones chose to train as a barrister as a career in which intellectual merit might rival aristocratic privilege, facilitating independence. This chapter illustrates work and leisure as he rode the ... More


The Tragedy of Collectivization

Zhou Xun

in Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962: An Oral History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300184044
eISBN:
9780300199246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300184044.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses radical collectivization in China. In 1943, Mao Zedong, the new supreme head of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), proclaimed agricultural collectivization as the key to ... More


Modeling the Regional Impacts of an Irrigation Project in Tanzania

Dale Manning, Xinshen Diao, and Angga Pradesha

in Beyond Experiments in Development Economics: Local Economy-wide Impact Evaluation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198707875
eISBN:
9780191783074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707875.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Irrigation projects can more than double per-acre crop yields and raise labor and other input demands, income, and consumption on the farms that get the water. As food production rises, food prices ... More


Wales

Paula Yates

in The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Volume II: Establishment and Empire, 1662 -1829

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199644636
eISBN:
9780191838941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199644636.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter argues that the chief features which distinguished Welsh Anglicanism from English in this period were its poverty, its remote position, and its almost entirely rural nature, at least ... More


Managing Innovation Dilemmas

Yakov Ben-Haim

in The Dilemmas of Wonderland: Decisions in the Age of Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198822233
eISBN:
9780191861246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822233.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

Innovation dilemmas pervade many personal and professional decisions. This chapter explores a method for responsibly handling those dilemmas. The approach is based on two fundamental ... More


Water and sanitation in Africa: current status, trends, challenges and opportunities

George Kararach and Tito Yepes

in Infrastructure in Africa: Lessons for Future Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447326632
eISBN:
9781447326663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326632.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Africa faces difficult water/sanitation legacies in the form of high hydrological variability and a multiplicity of transboundary river basins alongside poor sanitation. These challenges impeded the ... More


Restraints on Transactions in Land

Patrick H. Hase

in Custom, Land and Livelihood in Rural South China: The Traditional Land Law of Hong Kong's New Territories, 1744-1948

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139088
eISBN:
9789888180707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139088.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

According to customary land law, when someone wanted to sell his land, he must offer the right of first refusal to his nearest relatives, then other members of his clan before he could offer it to ... More


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