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Robustness and Dynamic Modeling

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

A variety of statistical robustness tests confirm that the conclusions of Chapter 6 are not sensitive to the inclusion of particular countries or observations in the data set, or the choice of ... More


Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book provides an accessible introduction to the principles and tools for modeling, analyzing, and synthesizing biomolecular systems. It begins with modeling tools such as reaction-rate ... More


The Content of Justice: Freedom and Equality

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses how to move from a general concern with the justification of coercion to particular substantive principles of justice. It argues that a social system is just only so long as it ... More


On semiparametric inference

Andrea Rotnitzky

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter reviews some key elements of semiparametric theory and the contributions of semiparametric inference to the challenge posed by high-dimensional data, for which the specification of ... More


Evolutionary Novelties: The Origin of Homologs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evolutionary processes that led to the origin of body parts, with particular emphasis on the concept of “novelties.” It first considers the distinction between the evolution ... More


Analysis of Dynamic Behavior

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter turns to some of the tools from dynamical systems and feedback control theory that will be used in the rest of the text to analyze and design biological circuits. It first models the ... More


Modeling food-web dynamics: complexity–stability implications

Jennifer A. Dunne, Ulrich Brose, Richard J. Williams, and Neo D. Martinez

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One of the challenges in the study of complex systems is how to integrate recent network structure discoveries with advances in modeling the dynamics of large non-linear systems. This is important ... More


Narrative and Character

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the relation between narrative and the psychological notion of Character, as exemplified in regularities of motive and behaviour which are robust under change of circumstance. ... More


The Cost of Ambiguity and Robustness in International Pollution Control

Anastasios Xepapadeas

in Climate Change and Common Sense: Essays in Honour of Tom Schelling

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692873
eISBN:
9780191738371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692873.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Robust policy rules and precaution might be called for, under conditions of scientific uncertainty, when a policy maker is concerned about possible misspecification of the natural system that is used ... More


Robust Neural Decision Making

Peter Dayan

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Animals are extremely robust decision makers. They make seemingly good choices in a very wide range of circumstances, using neural hardware that is noisy, labile, and error prone. This chapter ... More


Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Peter M. Todd and Gerd Gigerenzer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The idea that more information and more computation yield better decisions has long shaped our vision of rationality. Yet humans and other animals typically rely on simple heuristics or rules of ... More


Accounting and Economics: What We Learn from Analytical Models in Financial Accounting and Reporting

Alfred Wagenhofer

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The objective is to discuss the merits of analytical models in financial accounting research. Analytical models are particularly useful for gaining insights into situations that are characterized by ... More


Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the most well‐known model used for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition worldwide is presented. This is the model proposed by the FAO and applied for monitoring the progress ... More


What Is Ecological Rationality?

Peter M. Todd and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

In our uncertain world, more information and computation do not always yield better decisions—simple heuristics that employ few cues and little processing can often match or beat optimizing ... More


An Analysis of the Indicator Saturation Estimator as a Robust Regression Estimator *

Søren Johansen and Bent Nielsen

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter analyzes an algorithm suggested by Hendry (1999) for estimation in a regression with more regressors than observations, with the purpose of finding an estimator that is robust to ... More


Responding to the Challenge from Chance: Some Objections

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter deals with various objections to the solution to the Challenge from Chance that is offered in the previous chapter. The suggestion that a newly formulated version of the Challenge can ... More


Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Michael Weisberg

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the 1950s John Reber convinced many Californians that the best way to solve the state’s water shortages was to dam up the San Francisco Bay. Against massive political pressure, his opponents ... More


Seeing Things: The Philosophy of Reliable Observation

Robert Hudson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199303281
eISBN:
9780199367627
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199303281.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of Seeing Things is to criticize a common way of arguing called ‘robustness reasoning’. With robustness reasoning, one claims that an observation report is more likely to be true (or, ... More


Experimental Tests of Lifelong Heterogeneity

Laurence D. Muller

in Does Aging Stop?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Experimental tests of lifelong heterogeneity generally do not corroborate the theory. That is, populations that have evolved a considerable increase in the level of their robustness show little ... More


Margins and Iterations

Timothy Williamson

in Knowledge and its Limits

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256563
eISBN:
9780191598678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925656X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The anti‐luminosity argument is used to refute the KK principle that if one knows and one knows that one knows, or at least is in a position to know that one knows. Further iterations of knowledge ... More


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