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DOES HUMANITY WANT COMPUTERS MAKING MORAL DECISIONS?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter begins with an overview of philosophy of technology to provide a context for the specific concerns raised by the prospect of artificial moral agents. Some concerns, such as whether ... More


Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Robert Geraci

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The hope that we might one day upload our minds into robots and, eventually, cyberspace has become commonplace and now affects life across a broad spectrum of western culture. Popular science books ... More


Apocalyptic AI

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is a movement that exemplifies the longstanding connection between religion and science in the western world. The movement, based on popular science books by Hans Moravec and Ray ... More


“Immaterial” Impact of the Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI predictions have garnered so much attention that—in combination with rapidly progressing robotic technology—widespread public attention has focused upon how human beings and robots ... More


INTRODUCTION

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The development of military robots deployed on the battlefield and service robots in the home underscore the need for artificial moral agents. However, autonomous bots within existing computer ... More


WHY MACHINE MORALITY?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Artificial moral agents are necessary and inevitable. Innovative technologies are converging on sophisticated systems that will require some capacity for moral decision making. With the ... More


Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The human‐built environment is increasingly being populated by artificial agents that, through artificial intelligence (AI), are capable of acting autonomously. The software controlling these ... More


Robo sapiens japanicus: Robots, Gender, Family, and the Japanese Nation

Jennifer Robertson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520283190
eISBN:
9780520959064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283190.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Japan is arguably the first postindustrial society to embrace the prospect of human-robot coexistence. Over the past decade, Japanese humanoid robots designed for use in homes, hospitals, offices, ... More


BEYOND REASON

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The top‐down and bottom‐up approaches to artificial moral agents emphasize the importance in ethics of the ability to reason. However, much of the recent empirical literature on moral psychology ... More


DANGERS, RIGHTS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The desirability of computers making moral decisions poses an array of future dangers that are difficult to anticipate but will, nevertheless, need to be monitored and managed. Public policy and ... More


The Role of Emotion-Inspired Abilities in Relational Robots

Cynthia Breazeal and Rosalind Picard

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes ongoing work in developing and embedding affective technologies in learning interactions with automated systems, such robotic learning companions. The primary motivation for ... More


Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Vinod K. Wadhawan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A structure is an assembly that serves an engineering function. A smart structure is one that serves this function smartly, i.e., by responding adaptively in a pre-designed useful and efficient ... More


Telling Rolland Where to Go: HRI Dialogues on Route Navigation

Shi Hui and Thora Tenbrink

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter seeks to enable uninformed users to instruct intelligent robots to move towards specific goals via route instructions. Empirical data are used to augment the robot's internal ... More


Robot Emotion: A Functional Perspective

CYNTHIA BREAZEAL and RODNEY BROOKS

in Who Needs Emotions?: The brain meets the robot

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195166194
eISBN:
9780199847020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166194.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines robot emotions from a functional perspective. It suggests that emotion-inspired mechanisms can improve the way autonomous ... More


MACHINE INTELLIGENCE

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter on machine intelligence reiterates Hawkins' viewpoint that genuine artificial intelligence can be developed only by emulating the neocortical structure of the mammalian brain. The pros ... More


Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

As the power of computing has grown over the past few decades, the field of machine learning has advanced rapidly in both theory and practice. Machine learning methods are usually based on the ... More


Robot Monster and the “Watchable … Terrible” Cult/SF Film

J. P. Telotte

in Science Fiction Double Feature: The Science Fiction Film as Cult Text

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381830
eISBN:
9781781382363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381830.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter analyzes the intersection of cult and science fiction (sf) cinema, focusing on Robot Monster (1953). It argues that sf films have developed a cult reputation and following not only ... More


Lost Causes: Agenda Vetting in Global Issue Networks and the Shaping of Human Security

Charli Carpenter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448850
eISBN:
9780801470363
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448850.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why do some issues and threats—diseases, weapons, human rights abuses, vulnerable populations—get more global policy attention than others? How do global activist networks decide the particular ... More


Philosophical and Future Perspectives

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Here we review the philosophical implications of the theory presented in previous chapters, and its consequences for future research. This leads us to demarcate the current theory from classical ... More


Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications

John Danaher and Neil McArthur (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036689
eISBN:
9780262341981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036689.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people’s sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant ... More


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