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Consciousness

J. Kevin O’Regan

in Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the feel of consciousness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199775224
eISBN:
9780199919031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775224.003.0083
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the sensorimotor approach, by taking feel as an abstract quality of our interaction with the environment, helps ... More


Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Transformation of Manufacturing Industries

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter is a history of key computer applications in manufacturing across three periods of time, beginning in the 1940s and extending to the early 2000s. Key uses included business and ... More


INTRODUCTION

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The development of military robots deployed on the battlefield and service robots in the home underscore the need for artificial moral agents. However, autonomous bots within existing computer ... More


Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Frederic Danion, PhD and Mark Latash, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. Scientists working in the area of control of voluntary movements come from ... More


Introduction

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is a powerful reconciliation of religion and science. The sacred categories of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic traditions have thoroughly penetrated the futuristic musings of ... More


Laboratory Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is transmitted to roboticists and AI researchers through science fiction and is expressed in pop science as a means of raising the cultural prestige of research and researchers and ... More


“Edison” and “Russell”: Definitions versus Inventions in the Analysis of Emotion

JEAN-MARC FELLOUS and MICHAEL A. ARBIB

in Who Needs Emotions?: The brain meets the robot

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195166194
eISBN:
9780199847020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166194.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents the text of the conversion between a roboticist and a theoretical neurobiologist about the issue of emotion. The roboticist ... More


Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Jacqueline Nadel and Darwin Muir (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From prenatal life onwards, our emotions play a central role in our development. Exactly how emotions shape our lives is less clear. We know that emotional impairments can have a disastrous effect on ... More


RNA crystallogenesis

Benoît Masquida, Boris François, Andreas Werner, and Eric Westhof

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The number of RNA crystal structures has increased in an exponential manner mainly due to the fact that RNA is increasingly viewed as a predominant part of biological processes such as translation, ... More


Summary, Conclusions, and Future Directions

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter draws some conclusions about human hand function from the research reviewed in the book and argues that the categorization of hand function along the sensorimotor continuum has provided ... More


Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann, and Mark H. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


BOTTOM‐UP AND DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys bottom‐up approaches to the development of artificial moral agents. These approaches apply methods from machine learning, Kohlberg's theory of moral development, and techniques ... More


The Robot as a New Frontier for Connectionism and Dynamic Systems Theory

Matthew Schlesinger

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides an optimistic forecast for the future of connectionism and dynamic systems theory (DST). In particular, it focuses on the idea that regardless of how similar or dissimilar ... More


Spatial Language and Dialogue

Kenny R. Coventry, Thora Tenbrink, and John Bateman (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book considers how people talk about the location of objects and places. Spatial language has occupied many researchers across diverse fields, such as linguistics, psychology, GIScience, ... More


Screening

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Finding initial crystallization conditions for a new macromolecule can be like searching for a needle in a haystack. The first step is to set up screening trials, exposing the macromolecule to ... More


The Role of Emotion-Inspired Abilities in Relational Robots

Cynthia Breazeal and Rosalind Picard

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes ongoing work in developing and embedding affective technologies in learning interactions with automated systems, such robotic learning companions. The primary motivation for ... More


Neurorehabilitation Robotics and Neuroprosthetics

Robert Riener

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the new strategies and devices that can mitigate movement disorders caused by lesions of the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system (PNS), and the ... More


Perspective Alignment in Spatial Language

Luc Steels and Martin Loetzsch

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the role of perspective alignment in the planning and interpretation of spatial language in a series of robotic experiments. It shows which cognitive mechanisms are ... More


Evolutionary robotics

Dylan Evans and Walter de Back

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Robotics has been heavily influenced by cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology, but evolutionary psychology, has not yet had such a big impact on the field. In this essay we describe how ... More


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