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PsyCap Resiliency: Bouncing Back and Beyond

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter first provides the historical background on the mainly clinically-oriented work on resiliency. PsyCap resiliency is defined as not only this traditionally recognized ability to bounce ... More


Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Mendelian randomization: the contribution of genetic epidemiology to elucidating environmentally modifiable causes of disease

George Davey Smith and Shah Ebrahim

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Conventional risk factor epidemiology — directly studying environmentally modifiable exposures that may influence disease risk — and genetic epidemiology have similarities and differences. The ... More


Prediction and Risk/Needs Assessments

Robert D. Hoge, Gina Vincent, and Laura Guy

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The focus of the chapter is on available knowledge regarding the prediction of early adult offending from information available during the early juvenile years. Standardized screening and assessment ... More


Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This book analyzes in a developmental context understanding, assessing, and treating child maltreatment within the ecological framework. This framework is used to help systematically organize and ... More


Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs—but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join ... More


Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide affecting millions of people in both developed and developing countries. The dual aims of this book are to review the well-established ... More


The use of family history in public health practice: the epidemiologic view

Rodolfo Valdez, Muin J. Khoury, and Paula W. Yoon

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

With the advent of molecular genetics, the accelerated mapping of human genes to specific chromosome locations was made possible without the use of detailed pedigrees. Moreover, following the ... More


Evaluation of predictive genetic tests for common diseases: bridging epidemiological, clinical, and public health measures

A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, Marta Gwinn, and Muin J. Khoury

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how clinical epidemiologic concepts and methods can be used to assess whether one or more genetic variants (e.g. genome profiles) can be used to predict risk for human ... More


Obesity and Body Composition

RACHEL BALLARD-BARBASH, CHRISTINE FRIEDENREICH, MARTHA SLATTERY, and INGER THUNE

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of the state of scientific evidence for the association between obesity-related risk factors and cancer. Data provide convincing evidence of a positive association ... More


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