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Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

C. Michael Roland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book describes the relaxation dynamics of rubbery materials, with the objective of providing a molecular basis for many physical properties. As the term comprises any amorphous, flexible ... More


Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR

Paul T. Callaghan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199556984
eISBN:
9780191774928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556984.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In 1950, Erwin Hahn pointed out that spin echoes in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) could be used to measure molecular translational motion, an effect made possible because nuclear spins carry a ... More


Soft Matter Physics

Masao Doi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter represents a collection of materials such as polymer, colloids, surfactants, and liquid crystals and their composites. These materials do not belong to conventional classes of materials ... More


Foams: Structure and Dynamics

Isabelle Cantat, Sylvie Cohen-Addad, Florence Elias, François Graner, Reinhard Höhler, Olivier Pitois, Florence Rouyer, and Arnaud Saint-Jalmes

Simon Cox (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662890
eISBN:
9780191763038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662890.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Aqueous foams are studied both as materials with many applications, and as model systems for fields ranging from metallurgy to mathematics to biology. They are complex fluids with unique and unusual ... More


Microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

We present a comprehensive overview of microrheology, emphasizing the underlying theory, practical aspects of its implementation, and current applications to rheological studies in academic and ... More


Microrheology applications

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The wide number of microrheology methods and techniques serve as new tools for measuring the rheology of soft materials. Several emerging applications of microrheology are presented, including the ... More


Flow and dispersion

Paul T. Callaghan

in Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199556984
eISBN:
9780191774928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556984.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter, which discusses the basics of fluid dynamics, including the Lagrangan and Eulerian description, advection, and the substantive derivative, introduces the Navier-Stokes equation and ... More


Velocimetry

Paul T. Callaghan

in Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199556984
eISBN:
9780191774928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556984.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter outlines the methods for imaging the velocity field of fluids for which the spin density remains constant with time, even though the spin-bearing molecules are in motion. That motion may ... More


Flow and deformation of soft matter

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The flow and deformation behaviours of soft matter are usually between those of fluids and elastic materials. For example, bubblegum can be stretched indefinitely like a fluid, but snaps back like an ... More


Dynamics of viscous fluids: rheology and parallel flows

Etienne Guyon, Jean-Pierre Hulin, Luc Petit, and Catalin.D. Mitescu

in Physical Hydrodynamics, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198702443
eISBN:
9780191772153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702443.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The dynamics of fluids deals with the relation (the equation of motion of the fluid) between the stresses on the surface of fluid elements, the volume forces and the rate of strain introduced in ... More


Active microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Active microrheology uses external forces (most typically magnetic or optical) to force microrheological probes into motion. These techniques short-circuit the Einstein component of passive ... More


Magnetic bead microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Magnetism is a convenient force for actively pulling colloidal particles in a material. Many materials of interest in a microrheology experiment have a negligible magnetic susceptibility, and so ... More


Laser tweezer microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

To many, the idea that light can be used to hold and manipulate matter is probably quite foreign. The photon is a seemingly evanescent particle; its interactions with matter are weak. But while it ... More


Seismic Waves and Sources

Heiner Igel

in Computational Seismology: A Practical Introduction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198717409
eISBN:
9780191835070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717409.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The specific partial differential equation with which the numerical methods are introduced in the remainder of the volume is presented in detail. Fundamental consequences of the elastic wave equation ... More


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