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Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

James L. Crenshaw

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The existence of evil has given rise to perplexed questioning of divine justice from the beginning of recorded history. The present volume examines early responses to the problem of theodicy in ... More


Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

David Hodgson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In recent years, philosophical discussions of free will have focused largely on whether or not free will is compatible with determinism. In this challenging book, David Hodgson takes a fresh approach ... More


The Case of California: Neopopulism and Retribution

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details the case study of California. It shows how a democratic process based on polarized populism led to a retributive penal regime, with high rates of imprisonment for all kinds of ... More


Meaning Despite Evil and Absurdity

Byron L. Sherwin

in Faith Finding Meaning: A Theology of Judaism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195336238
eISBN:
9780199868520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336238.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Absurdity, evil, and natural catastrophes pose a visceral challenge to faith and to meaning. This challenge is known in theology as “theodicy.” This chapter addresses the problem of theodicy by ... More


Aggadic Transformations of Non‐Legal Pentateuchal Traditions

Michael Fishbane

in Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198266990
eISBN:
9780191600593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198266995.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Takes up the topic of the aggadic transformation of non‐legal pentateuchal traditions. In this category are such matters as the theological treatment of topics in the Genesis narratives (e.g. the ... More


From Death to Resurrection: Modern Islam

Jane Idleman Smith and Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad

in The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156492
eISBN:
9780199834662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156498.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Contemporary (twentieth century) Muslim exegetes and interpreters have taken the classical materials of scripture and tradition and recast them in the light of modern understanding. In this chapter, ... More


Revenge & Justice

Solomon Schimmel

in Wounds Not Healed By Time: The Power of Repentance and Forgiveness

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128413
eISBN:
9780199834648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128419.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Examines the emotion of revenge from biological, psychological, biblical, Jewish, Christian, and philosophical perspectives, and the relationship between revenge, retribution, and justice. The author ... More


Punishment for Sin: Blaming the Victim

James L. Crenshaw

in Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Belief in individual reward and retribution was subscribed to by every segment of the population in the ancient world. Not surprisingly, it became the dominant theodicy, expressed quite simply in ... More


The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Belief in moral responsibility is very strong; and although there are many arguments in support of moral responsibility, it is clear that those arguments are not as strong as the belief in moral ... More


Introduction

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The Introduction introduces the problem of free will and responsibility, and the book's contention that what we do is not the inexorable playing out of the role in life given to us by our genes and ... More


Responsibility and Retribution

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 11, I give reasons why I contend it is important to maintain ideas of responsibility and retribution in the criminal law. I argue that both consequentialist considerations and ... More


Rule Preference

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Rules are cognitive entities that carry behavioural consequences. Phenomena of commitment, obedience, status quo preference, and reciprocity are brought about by rule preference, viz. the desire of ... More


The Moral Worth of Retribution

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter argues for a kind of ‘equal protection’ for retributive justice amongst the kinds of justice. Other forms of justice – distributive, corrective, natural right, promissory – have ... More


The Case for a Crime of Political Genocide

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter discusses why political genocide should be proscribed as a separate international crime. It evaluates political genocide in light of the underlying theoretical justifications for ... More


Introduction: Japanese Religious Context In Traditional and Contemporary Perspectives

Heine Steven

in Sacred High City, Sacred Low City: A Tale of Religious Sites in Two Tokyo Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195386202
eISBN:
9780199918362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386202.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

How important are the vast number of religious sites in Tokyo? Why and to what extent do they endure and even thrive in the context of modern society that responds to the push of ancient traditions ... More


Revenge, Forgiveness, and Love

Regina M. Schwartz

in Love and Forgiveness for a More Just World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170222
eISBN:
9780231540124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170222.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Schwartz argues that Shakespeare’s plays suggest forgiveness as an alternative to revenge (which is incapable of redressing wrongs) that is tied to recognition and the (re)discovery of love.


Desert

Jill Stauffer

in Ethical Loneliness: The Injustice of Not Being Heard

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171502
eISBN:
9780231538732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171502.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Uses cases from the US, Uganda and South Africa to show different ways we might use legal and extralegal resources to do better justice, reclaiming retribution as a concern with balancing the scales ... More


The Functions and Justifications of Criminal Law and Punishment

John Gardner

in Offences and Defences: Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239351
eISBN:
9780191716959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239351.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter evaluates the doctrine (‘positive general prevention’) that punishment can be justified by its contribution to intilling in a population proper respect for norms, such that there is less ... More


Crime: In Proportion and in Perspective

John Gardner

in Offences and Defences: Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239351
eISBN:
9780191716959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239351.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter develops one aspect of the ‘pluralistic’ defence of punishment foreshadowed in Chapter 10. It focuses on state punishment as a ‘displacement’ of non-state punitive practices such as ... More


POSTSCRIPT: RESPONSIBILITY AND RETRIBUTION

H. L. A. Hart

in Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534777
eISBN:
9780191720703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534777.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents the author's response to criticisms about the distinctions he made between the ideas of responsibility and retribution. Topics discussed include role-responsibility, causal ... More


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