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Exit from Early Retirement: Paradigm Shifts, Policy Reversals, and Reform Obstacles

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Governments have realized the negative impact of early retirement on social expenditures and labor costs, responding with a paradigm shift away from passive labor market policies. Governments seek to ... More


Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Peter Taylor-Gooby (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Modern welfare states developed primarily to meet the ‘old social risks’ that confront the mass of the population during a standard industrial life course – retirement pensions, health care services, ... More


New Risks and Social Change

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

New social risks have emerged in relation to work‐life balance and securing a position in a more flexible labour market across Europe. Policy responses often involve the aspiration of ‘transforming ... More


New Social Risks in a Conservative Welfare State: The Case of Germany

Andreas Aust and Frank Bönker

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Analyses developments in Germany and emphasises the way in which the context of a corporatist welfare state settlement and a semi‐sovereign state shapes policy making. Reform is slow and depends on ... More


The UK—A Test Case for the Liberal Welfare State?

Peter Taylor-Gooby and Trine P. Larsen

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The UK developed an innovative agenda of new social risk policies through the 1980s and 1990s. The Conservative government up to 1997 essentially pursued liberal market reforms with minimal provision ... More


New Risks—Are They Still New for the Nordic Welfare States?

Virpi Timonen

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Nordic welfare states led the way in consolidating new social risk provision through welfare state social care and active labour market policies some two decades ago. Current provision has ... More


France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

Bruno Palier and Christelle Mandin

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In France, new social risk policies were not highly developed with the exception of the established tradition of childcare. Reforms were initially delayed by the strongly entrenched old social risk ... More


Spain's Transition to New Risks: A Farewell to ‘Superwomen’

Luis Moreno

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Mediterranean welfare states, of which Spain is a major example, have traditionally relied on family support and in particular on the unwaged work of women to provide child and elder care and to ... More


Switzerland: Negotiating a New Welfare State in a Fragmented Political System

Bonoli Giuliano

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Swiss political system stresses compromise, negotiation, and consensus. As a result, collective welfare is relatively undeveloped and much is provided through compulsory occupational provision. ... More


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