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Exit from Early Retirement: Paradigm Shifts, Policy Reversals, and Reform Obstacles

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Governments have realized the negative impact of early retirement on social expenditures and labor costs, responding with a paradigm shift away from passive labor market policies. Governments seek to ... More


Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Peter Taylor-Gooby (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Modern welfare states developed primarily to meet the ‘old social risks’ that confront the mass of the population during a standard industrial life course – retirement pensions, health care services, ... More


New Risks and Social Change

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

New social risks have emerged in relation to work‐life balance and securing a position in a more flexible labour market across Europe. Policy responses often involve the aspiration of ‘transforming ... More


New Social Risks in a Conservative Welfare State: The Case of Germany

Andreas Aust and Frank Bönker

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Analyses developments in Germany and emphasises the way in which the context of a corporatist welfare state settlement and a semi‐sovereign state shapes policy making. Reform is slow and depends on ... More


The UK—A Test Case for the Liberal Welfare State?

Peter Taylor-Gooby and Trine P. Larsen

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The UK developed an innovative agenda of new social risk policies through the 1980s and 1990s. The Conservative government up to 1997 essentially pursued liberal market reforms with minimal provision ... More


New Risks—Are They Still New for the Nordic Welfare States?

Virpi Timonen

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Nordic welfare states led the way in consolidating new social risk provision through welfare state social care and active labour market policies some two decades ago. Current provision has ... More


France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

Bruno Palier and Christelle Mandin

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In France, new social risk policies were not highly developed with the exception of the established tradition of childcare. Reforms were initially delayed by the strongly entrenched old social risk ... More


Spain's Transition to New Risks: A Farewell to ‘Superwomen’

Luis Moreno

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Mediterranean welfare states, of which Spain is a major example, have traditionally relied on family support and in particular on the unwaged work of women to provide child and elder care and to ... More


Switzerland: Negotiating a New Welfare State in a Fragmented Political System

Bonoli Giuliano

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Swiss political system stresses compromise, negotiation, and consensus. As a result, collective welfare is relatively undeveloped and much is provided through compulsory occupational provision. ... More


A Race to the Bottom?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the argument that recent years have seen a ‘race to the bottom’ in social spending. Using comparative data from 21 OECD countries, it shows that social spending has been ... More


The Structure of Social Provision

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to use disaggregated measures of social expenditure derived from the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) to measure the extent of recent change in the structure of social provision and to ... More


Introduction

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter reflects on the need for in-depth historically sensitive research on the development of advanced welfare states. Contrasting the diverging trends and social and economic ... More


Welfare state reform and restructuring

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter puts the book into the context of the contemporary discussion on welfare state reform, and reflects on major concepts and guiding notions, such as retrenchment, re-calibration, and ... More


Conclusion

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews the results of the empirical chapters in the light of conceptual and theoretical discussions in earlier chapters. It argues that historically sensitive diachronic comparisons of ... More


The Global Insurgency: Action and Reaction in Contemporary World Politics

David A. Lake

in Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265901
eISBN:
9780191772047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265901.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Pax Americana has produced remarkable political order in Europe and Northeast Asia. For decades, the US has sought to expand this international order into the Middle East. This effort, however, ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


Welfare State and Production Regimes in the Era of Retrenchment

Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on the role of economic interests, and of systems for representing those interests, in the politics of welfare state reform. They explore the linkages between ... More


Political Institutions, Veto Points, and the Process of Welfare State Adaptation

Giuliano Bonoli

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Bonoli explores the relationship between ... More


Dismantling Public Policy: Preferences, Strategies, and Effects

Michael W. Bauer, Andrew Jordan, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, and Adrienne Héritier (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656646
eISBN:
9780191746000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656646.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Policy dismantling is a distinctive form of policy change, which involves the cutting, reduction, diminution, or complete removal of existing policies. The perceived need to dismantle existing ... More


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