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John Foster Dulles' Nuclear Schizophrenia

Neal Rosendorf

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

John Foster Dulles’ thinking over the issue of nuclear weapons was inconsistent. He registered strong disapproval on moral grounds of the atomic bombing of Japan and warned of the dangerous precedent ... More


 A General Theory of International Law

Andrew T Guzman

in How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195305562
eISBN:
9780199867004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305562.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents the basic theory of international law that is then used throughout the book. It explains how the forces of reputation, retaliation, and reciprocity (the Three Rs of Compliance) ... More


Epictetus

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

in Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism: A Comparative Study of Ancient Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199578641
eISBN:
9780191722868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the moral teaching of the ex-slave Epictetus (ca. 55–135 CE). He was a student of Musonius, but eventually he became a teacher himself. Like his fellow Stoics, Epictetus points ... More


India

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores India's nuclear posture. Like China's, India's nuclear posture is classified as one of assured retaliation. There have been various dramatic moments in India's nuclear weapons ... More


China

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter relies on the best available English language sources to detail Chinese nuclear posture over time. China, like India, has persistently adopted an assured retaliation posture against its ... More


Should We Rely on Whistleblowers?: Disobedience and the Problem of Retaliation

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the circumstances under which an official will be justified in violating laws that prohibit unauthorized disclosures of classified information. It explains why we cannot rely on ... More


The Two Screens

Mary Douglas

in Leviticus as Literature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244195
eISBN:
9780191600548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244197.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Leviticus consists almost entirely of divine laws, which are interrupted twice by narratives, and both of these interruptions are about encroachment on the divine prerogative; there is no accepted ... More


‘No Settled Convictions’? Arthur Balfour, Political Economy, and Tariff Reform: A Reconsideration

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the political economy of the Edwardian Conservative leader Arthur Balfour, and seeks to open new vistas on the complexities and nuances of the tariff reform versus free trade ... More


Introduction

Jeremy Horder

in Provocation and Responsibility

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256960
eISBN:
9780191681707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256960.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This book is about moral and legal responsibility for provoked retaliation. It focuses on the historical and philosophical underpinnings of the legal doctrine of provocation. In English law, that ... More


Punishment, Revenge, and Organizational Injustice

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The notion that “punishment works” is simply taken for granted as true, part of our existing mental model for dealing with other people. Here this chapter asks whether punishment actually is ... More


Insults in Storytelling

Yiannis Gabriel

in Storytelling in Organizations: Facts, Fictions, and Fantasies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290957
eISBN:
9780191684845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290957.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter seeks to provide an introduction to the psychology of insults, through the medium of organizational stories. It charts different forms of insulting behaviour such as exclusion, ... More


British Nuclear Strategy and Co-ordination with the USA

Ian Clark

in Nuclear Diplomacy and the Special Relationship: Britain's Deterrent and America, 1957–1962

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273707
eISBN:
9780191684067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273707.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows that towards the end of the 1950s, Britain's nuclear strategy was to be influenced not merely by access to American delivery systems and warhead designs, but also by a much freer ... More


The Seventeenth Century

Jeremy Horder

in Provocation and Responsibility

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256960
eISBN:
9780191681707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256960.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses developments in the 17th century, when the foundations of the modern doctrine of provocation were laid. It is during this time that the threshold conditions for the ... More


Invoking Development in Dispute Settlement

Sonia E. Rolland

in Development at the World Trade Organization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600885
eISBN:
9780191738364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600885.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Developing countries have been complainants in over 150 disputes, respondents in close to 140 cases and have participated as third parties in over 530 instances. They have made arguments relating to ... More


I Fear I Shall Never Leave This Island: Life in a Civil War Prison

David R. Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037448
eISBN:
9780813042305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037448.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

There was no standard treatment for prisoners-of-war (POW) during the American Civil War by either the Union or the Confederacy. Each side struggled with the incarceration and civilized treatment of ... More


Religious Discrimination and Retaliation

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0019
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines how the law protects employees from acts of employer retaliation when they are engaged in exercising the rights granted them by Title VII. Employers have a tendency to react ... More


Initiation and Sacrifice

Pietro Pucci

in Euripides’s Revolution under Cover: An Essay

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700613
eISBN:
9781501704055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700613.003.0027
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter shows that Dionysus carries out his revenge against Pentheus by driving him mad so that he will consent to being initiated into the Bacchic rites. In Bacchae, Pentheus passes through a ... More


Confrontation With the West, 1858–1930

Neil L. Jamieson

in Understanding Vietnam

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520201576
eISBN:
9780520916586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520201576.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on Vietnam's confrontation with the West during the period from 1858 to 1930. The French forces, with the assistance of the Spanish fleet, captured the Saigon area in 1859. In ... More


Unequal: How America's Courts Undermine Discrimination Law

Sandra F. Sperino and Suja A. Thomas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190278380
eISBN:
9780190682279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278380.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book describes what happens when workers file employment discrimination cases in federal court, Judges dismiss cases where supervisors grope women, call them whores and sluts, and repeatedly ask ... More


“Strong Measures, Deemed Indispensable but Harsh at Best”: Retaliation and Guerrilla Warfare

Burrus M. Carnahan

in Lincoln on Trial: Southern Civilians and the Law of War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125695
eISBN:
9780813135380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125695.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines President Lincoln's attitude toward counter-guerrilla tactics, which could include the execution of civilian hostages in retaliation for unlawful enemy actions. Most of the ... More


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