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Reasoning: A Social Picture

Anthony Simon Laden

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199606191
eISBN:
9780191741081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Most philosophical and social scientific work that discusses reason starts from a picture of reason that treats the activity of reasoning as a means of navigating our environment in the pursuit of ... More


Responsiveness

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses each of the four main dimensions of candidate selection (candidacy, selectorate, decentralization, and voting/appointment) according to its impact on different aspects of ... More


Representation as Responsiveness

Andrew Kuper

in Democracy Beyond Borders: Justice and Representation in Global Institutions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199274901
eISBN:
9780191601552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274908.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Develops a theory of representation that can guide the democratization of societies of great and even global scope. Kuper elucidates the institutional conditions necessary for (1) good judgements ... More


Fluctuating Political Forces

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political variables (median voter and median parliamentary, government and ministry positions) change more radically and more quickly than policy outputs. This accounts for the lack of relationships ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


The Public Service

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter explores how senior public servants create and reinterpret traditions. The public service confronts two dilemmas: between the generalist tradition and the impact of managerialism, and ... More


The Great Victorian Realignment

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A case study of the great Victorian electoral realignment. Corrects existing claims about landslide elections, and tabulates the bias and responsiveness of the UK electoral system from 1868 to 1918. ... More


Belgium: Delegation and Accountability under Partitocratic Rule

Lieven De Winter and Patrick Dumont

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the mechanisms of delegation and accountability in post-war Belgium prior to the major reforms of the 1990s and the subsequent reforms. Discusses how political parties dominate these ... More


The Winner–Loser Gap: Contours and Boundaries

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Investigates the gap in winners’ and losers’ attitudes with regard to different kinds of attitudes about the political system across established and newly emerging democracies. The results show that ... More


Comparing Losers' Assessments of Electoral Democracy

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines losers’ evaluations of electoral democracy. The data show that more losers are satisfied with the functioning of democracy than dissatisfied, an overwhelming majority believes that the most ... More


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