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Religious Engagement

Elizabeth Shakman Hurd

in Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166094
eISBN:
9781400873814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166094.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since World War II, the promotion of American-friendly “free” religion abroad has been understood to benefit the rest of the world by saving it from religious and political tyranny. For decades, the ... More


Universal Redemption and Social Reform

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By the 1850s, when their denomination faced serious conflicts over its identity and direction, most Universalists tended to regard Hosea Ballou as a grandfatherly figure, a benign symbol of their ... More


Aggiornamento

Hugh McLeod

in The Religious Crisis of the 1960s

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199298259
eISBN:
9780191711619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298259.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines religious reform in the mid-1960s. Pope John said that the task of the Second Vatican Council would be aggiornamento — a bringing up to date, or renewal, of the church. Vatican ... More


Republican Religion and Religious Reform

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers theories on religious reform. Those show lived liberty as a religious faith felt a deep revulsion for the corruption of the clergy and the temporal power of the pope. The ... More


The New Alliance

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the rise of a new civil religion in Italy. The ideas coming from France helped Italian intellectuals seek a civil religion different from the Jacobin one, which had revealed ... More


Regrets and the Quest for New Faiths

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers Risorgimento patriots' concerns about the future of Italian liberty following national unification. They understood that the new state lacked a civil religion, and that liberal ... More


Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter provides a brief outline of the situation of the social and religious reform movements in 19th century India, addressing in the process, the specific social, cultural and political ... More


A Religion to Live Free

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on political writer Machiavelli, who elaborated on both republican religion and the need for a religious reform better than anybody else. In the last pages of The Art of War, ... More


From Communal to Ecumenical

Syed Akbar Hyder

in Reliving Karbala: Martyrdom in South Asian Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195373028
eISBN:
9780199851973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373028.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In an elegy, Makhdum Muhiuddin, the most well-known Communist poet from Hyderabad, pays tribute to slain American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. This chapter takes a look at Makhdum’s ... More


Inheritance Unbound: The Politics of Personal Law Reform in Pakistan and India

Sunil Khilnani, Vikram Raghavan, and Arun K. Thiruvengadam

in Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081760
eISBN:
9780199082360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081760.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the constitutional and political dimensions of formal legal change in Pakistan and India. The process of change referred to is one with an explicitly ‘religious’ dimensions: in ... More


Religious Reform and Religious Reaction

Stephen Conway

in The British Isles and the War of American Independence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254552
eISBN:
9780191698231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254552.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter concentrates on the religious side of the constitution, where there were a number of significant wartime reforms. Catholics in England, Wales, and Ireland received limited relief; only ... More


Historical Comparisons and Historiographical Reflections

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The scientific practices and attitudes to science of the Quaker and Jewish communities are compared and contrasted. Quakers tended to be more involved in science — especially the observational ... More


Introduction

KATE ZEBIRI

in Maḥmūd Shalt=ut and Islamic Modernism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263302
eISBN:
9780191682469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263302.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the contribution of Egyptian Islamic scholar Shaykh Maḥmūd Shaltūt to Islamic modernism. Shaltūt's vision of Islam is ... More


Jewish Christian Sects in Southern Russia

Ellie R. Schainker

in Confessions of the Shtetl: Converts from Judaism in Imperial Russia, 1817-1906

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798280
eISBN:
9781503600249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798280.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Chapter 6 charts the proliferation of Jewish-Christian sects in southern Russia in the 1880s and the confessional journeys of their leaders and adherents who were in conversation with contemporary ... More


The Organ as a Jewish Religious Response to Modernity

Tina Frühauf

in The Organ and its Music in German-Jewish Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195337068
eISBN:
9780199852260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337068.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

During the early nineteenth century, many reform-minded Jews in Germany began developing ideas about a modernized worship service in line with the Jewish Enlightenment movement, called the Haskalah. ... More


The Age and its Women

Bharathi Ray

in Early Feminists of Colonial India: Sarala Devi Chaudhurani and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198083818
eISBN:
9780199082186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198083818.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter offers an overview of nineteenth century Bengali society, and the prevailing condition of women, both Hindu and Muslim. Dual standards of morality—a differential code of behaviour ... More


Jacob's Tears: The Priestly Work of Reconciliation

Mary Douglas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265237
eISBN:
9780191602054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265232.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The author argues that the priestly editors of the Pentateuch, far from being a separate elite, had a political agenda. Credited with composing Leviticus and Numbers, and with the final editing of ... More


Creating Cistercian Nuns: The Women's Religious Movement and Its Reform in Thirteenth-Century Champagne

Anne E. Lester

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449895
eISBN:
9780801462955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449895.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book addresses a central issue in the history of the medieval church: the role of women in the rise of the religious reform movement of the thirteenth century. Focusing on the county of ... More


Jan Hus and the Prophets: Fashioning a Czech Judaism at the Turn of the Century

Hillel J. Kieval

in Languages of Community: The Jewish Experience in the Czech Lands

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520214101
eISBN:
9780520921160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520214101.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the movement among Czech-Jewish intellectuals to effect a religious reform that was inspired, to a large extent, by Czech philosophical currents. It notes that the most ... More


Augustus and <i>Lares Augusti</i>

Harriet I. Flower

in The Dancing Lares and the Serpent in the Garden: Religion at the Roman Street Corner

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175003
eISBN:
9781400888016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175003.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explores the nature of Augustus' religious reform, its implementation by the princeps, and its impact in the city. It uses a combination of approaches to elucidate the variety of ancient ... More


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