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Reliability

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a theoretical overview of reliability, as well as pragmatic considerations in establishing different types of reliability. To illustrate key points, it draws from two scales: ... More


The framework for empirical testing

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter outlines the methods used in the empirical part of the book and addresses issues such as validity and reliability, both in general and also with specific reference to the empirical ... More


Cassian's tradition

A. M. C. Casiday

in Tradition and Theology in St John Cassian

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199297184
eISBN:
9780191711381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297184.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter places Cassian's monastic programme within the milieu of Nitrian asceticism and redresses the arguments that have recently been advanced against Cassian's reliability as an historian. It ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


Political Methodology: Research Design and Experimental Methods

Kathleen M. McGraw

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0034
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides a discussion of issues relating to research design and experimental methods in political science. Issues are elaborated relating to control and random case selection, internal and external ... More


Testimony: A Philosophical Study

C. A. J. Coady

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about a topic in epistemology that had been much neglected until its publication, but has subsequently become much more discussed. That topic is testimony, or, less technically, the ... More


Knowing Right From Wrong

Kieran Setiya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657452
eISBN:
9780191745539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657452.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Can we have objective knowledge of right and wrong, of how we should live and what there is reason to do? The thought that we can is beset by sceptical problems. In the face of radical disagreement, ... More


Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to ... More


Rethinking the Measurement of Poverty

David Brady

in Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385878
eISBN:
9780199870066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins by reviewing the shortcomings of the official U.S. measure of poverty, arguing that it is unreliable and invalid. Then, the chapter reviews major theoretical and methodological ... More


Other forms of adaptive resemblance

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the phenomenon of automimicry, where individuals within a population may share the same warning signal but differ in their investment in defence. It seeks to explain the ... More


Reliability and Risk: The Challenge of Managing Interconnected Infrastructures

Paul Schulman and Emery Roe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804793933
eISBN:
9780804798624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793933.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

High-reliability management of critical infrastructures-the safe and continued provision of electricity, natural gas, telecommunications, transportation, and water-is a social imperative. Loss of ... More


Signalling to predators

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Predators that rely on surprise may be persuaded to desist from attacking if prey use reliable signals that the predator has been detected. Prey may also be able to reliably signal to a predator that ... More


Sampling and Measurement

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines participant selection, sampling design, sample size and sampling error; as well as the importance of statistical power, effect size, confidence levels, and confidence intervals. ... More


Cue Combination: Beyond Optimality

Pedro Rosas and Felix A. Wichmann

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter briefly introduces the robust-weak-fusion model, which offers an exceptionally clear and elegant framework within which to understand empirical studies on cue combination. Research on ... More


Auditory and Visual Segmentation

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The proximal stimulation at ear and eye is neutral, the excitations from different sources are intermixed, and the excitations can be organized in several ways to yield different percepts. The ... More


Dynamic Cue Combination in Distributional Population Code Networks

Rama Natarajan and Richard S. Zemel

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how a neural system could properly combine cues even as their reliabilities change dynamically and continuously in time. It describes a framework for characterizing how ... More


Ungrounded Reason

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

We respect certain epistemic norms — including (roughly) that one should tentatively believe things to have the colors they seem to have, should conform to modus ponens and the principle of ... More


Measurement and counterfactuals

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In every scientific context, some procedures are presupposed to be legitimate measurement (or observation) procedures. But to regard some procedure as a legitimate measurement procedure is to ... More


Stochastic Simulation of Neurons, Axons, and Action Potentials

A. Aldo Faisal

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

Variability is inherent in neurons. To account for variability we have to make use of stochastic models. We will take a look at this biologically more rigorous approach by studying the fundamental ... More


Discussion and Recommended Readings

J. Patrick Meyer

in Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Absolutely no judgment or evaluation should be included when reporting a reliability analysis. Estimates should speak for themselves and it is the task of the readers to judge their values. The ... More


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