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1921: “Critical or Empiricist Interpretation of the New Physics?”

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact, the ... More


Absolute versus Relative Morality

Kenneth W. Holloway

in The Quest for Ecstatic Morality in Early China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199744824
eISBN:
9780199979400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744824.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Xunzi, Mencius, and Confucius are most frequently cited as a necessary context for understanding the “Xing zi mingchu.” This chapter begins the analysis of this broader framework by proposing that ... More


The Absoluteness of Christianity and the Relativity of all History: Two Strands in Ferdinand Christian Baur’s Thought

Johannes Zachhuber

in Ferdinand Christian Baur and the History of Early Christianity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198798415
eISBN:
9780191839429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198798415.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter starts with the paradox of historicism, which as formulated by Lessing is that the contingent truths of history cannot provide evidence for the necessary truths of reason. Yet Baur tried ... More


Acceleration-Induced Nonlocality

Bahram Mashhoon

in Nonlocal Gravity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198803805
eISBN:
9780191842313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803805.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The locality postulate of the standard relativity theory is exact when dealing with phenomena involving classical point particles and rays of radiation, but breaks down for electromagnetic fields, as ... More


Advanced General Relativity: Gravity Waves, Spinning Particles, and Black Holes

Claude Barrabès and Peter A. Hogan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680696
eISBN:
9780191760662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680696.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book is aimed at students who have completed a final year undergraduate course on general relativity and supplemented it with additional techniques by individual study or in a taught MSc ... More


Against Presentism

Theodore Sider

in Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The ‘B‐theory’ of time says that all temporal facts ‘reduce’ to tenseless facts about a manifold of equally real past, present, and future objects; the ‘A‐theory’ denies this reduction. Presentism is ... More


Agrippa and the Problem of Epistemic Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out Agrippa's Five Modes Leading to the Suspension of Belief as they are found in Sextus Empiricus's Outlines of Pyrrhonism. The five modes are discrepancy (differences of opinion), ... More


Albert Einstein’s Finite Universe

Helge Kragh

in Masters of the Universe: Conversations with Cosmologists of the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198722892
eISBN:
9780191789564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722892.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The interview with Einstein took place in 1928 in his apartment in Berlin. Einstein explained how he came to his cosmological theory of 1917 in which he applied general relativity to the universe at ... More


Alexander Bain

M. Gail Hamner

in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155471
eISBN:
9780199834266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155475.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The first concern of this chapter is to present the phenomenology of belief of the Scottish philosopher Alexander Bain in order to delineate the relations he asserts among belief, consciousness, and ... More


All the Time in the Worlds: Gödel's Modal Moral

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss Gödel's philosophical position on the nature of time. I describe Gödel's model, which contains closed time‐like curves allowing us to take a journey into our future and arrive in our past, ... More


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