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Relations and Reductions

Rory Fox

in Time and Eternity in Mid-Thirteenth-Century Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199285754
eISBN:
9780191603563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285756.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines 13th century views about temporal relations. It shows that although medieval thinkers used differently nuanced terminology, a broadly shared approach to a theory of relations ... More


What Is Space?

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What, then, is space? It seems strange since it is part of the physical world but unlike other physical things; in some sense it is the ‘place’ where they all are. This chapter first explores how the ... More


 Do space and time exist?

Frank Arntzenius

in Space, Time, and Stuff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696604
eISBN:
9780191738333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696604.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Substantivalism is the view that space and time exist in addition to particles and fields. Relationism is the view that only particles and fields exist, which stand in certain spatio-temporal ... More


Background and Assumptions

Yuri Balashov

in Persistence and Spacetime

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579921
eISBN:
9780191722899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the framework for the subsequent discussion. Of special note are various assumptions adopted throughout the book. Some of them are more controversial than others and continue ... More


Holism and Structuralism in Classical and Quantum General Relativity

Mauro Dorato and Massimo Pauri

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that interpretative issues belonging to classical General Relativity (GR) might be preliminary to a deeper understanding of conceptual problems stemming from ongoing attempts at ... More


Time and Structure in Canonical Gravity

Dean Rickles

in The Structural Foundations of Quantum Gravity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269693
eISBN:
9780191699436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269693.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The interpretative problems of gauge theory take on what is arguably their most pathological form in the context of the problem of space (better known as the ‘hole argument’) and the problem of time. ... More


Two Versions of Millianism

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter offers a systematic assessment of Kit Fine’s Semantic Relationism (2007), in which he presents a “relational” version of Millianism (about names and related expressions). It compares ... More


Internationalism versus Statism and Globalism: Contemporary Debates

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines contemporary debates about statism and globalism. Statists need a necessary condition for justice to apply. They must tell us what it is about states that renders such ... More


Introduction

Ulrich Meyer

in The Nature of Time

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599332
eISBN:
9780191760648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599332.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents the three main views about the nature of time. Temporal substantivalism claims that instants of time are metaphysically basic entities that form a one-dimensional ... More


Institutions and the Application of Principles of Justice

András Miklós

in Institutions in Global Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748644711
eISBN:
9780748684502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748644711.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter argues that political and economic institutions determine the content of principles of justice, thus existing institutions can constrain the applicability of principles of justice even in ... More


Conclusion

ALAN NORRIE

in Punishment, Responsibility, and Justice: A Relational Critique

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198259565
eISBN:
9780191710636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259565.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Philosophy of Law

This book has developed an analysis that applies new methodological, historical, psychological, and ethical approaches to the liberal Kantianism which dominates criminal justice thinking. The product ... More


Absolute Time: Rifts in Early Modern British Metaphysics

Emily Thomas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198807933
eISBN:
9780191845727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is time? Traditionally, it has been answered that time is a product of the human mind, or the motion of celestial bodies. In the mid-seventeenth century, a new kind of answer emerged: time or ... More


The Demands of Equality

Chris Armstrong

in Justice and Natural Resources: An Egalitarian Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198702726
eISBN:
9780191772306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198702726.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter clarifies the place that natural resources should have within an egalitarian theory, as one important set of advantages and disadvantages amongst many which drive access to wellbeing. It ... More


Realism, Antirealism, Relationism

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the solutions to the problem of color ontology which have been proposed within recent analytic philosophy. It presents three main genera of colour ontologies: realism (e.g. ... More


Perceptual Pragmatism

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers whether there can be any such thing as a naturalized metaphysics of color—a straightforward distillation of the ontological commitments of vision science. The first part of the ... More


Active Color

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The previous chapter argued that relationism is the general approach that best meshes with a scientific understanding of perceptual utility and success. The next task is to outline the specific ... More


Outerness without Ontological Commitment

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Numerous authors have claimed that color relationism is simply not compatible with the deliverances of introspectible experience. But is the non-relationality of color as easily recovered from ... More


Relationism about Time

Ulrich Meyer

in The Nature of Time

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599332
eISBN:
9780191760648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599332.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses Russell and Whitehead’s view that times are sets of temporally ordered events. It argues that neither view is tenable because events are not the basic temporal entities. A more ... More


Time and Change

Adrian Bardon

in A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199976454
eISBN:
9780199346165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199976454.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

We measure weight with a scale, and temperature with a thermometer. When we measure time—say, with a clock—what is it that we measure? To some scholars in the ancient world, the ... More


From Transitology to Contextual Holism: A Theoretical Trajectory of Postcommunist Studies

Jan Kubik

in Postcommunism from Within: Social Justice, Mobilization, and Hegemony

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814724262
eISBN:
9780814724255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724262.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter outlines an approach to postcommunism referred to as contextual holism. Practitioners of this approach emphasize the complexity and multidimensionality of the postcommunist ... More


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