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Gorky’s Gulag

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter establishes how the writer Maxim Gorky's return to the Soviet Union from European exile in 1928 to become a chief architect of Stalinist culture was a watershed in the history of the ... More


Literary Theory and the Secret Police: Writing and Estranging the Self

in Police Aesthetics: Literature, Film, and the Secret Police in Soviet Times

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760805
eISBN:
9780804775724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760805.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter, which examines the relationship between literary theory and the secret police through an analysis of the concept of estrangement, explores the works of Viktor Shklovsky and Nicolae ... More


Occupation, Cold War, and the Zero Hour

Pamela M. Potter

in Art of Suppression: Confronting the Nazi Past in Histories of the Visual and Performing Arts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520282346
eISBN:
9780520957961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282346.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Visual Culture

Witnessing the devastating effects of war and genocide, Allied victors attempted to rebuild Germany’s cultural life with ambitious yet fundamentally flawed programs of reeducation and denazification. ... More


Holt International Summer School or Three-Week Re-Koreanization (1999–2004)

Elise Prébin

in Meeting Once More: The Korean Side of Transnational Adoption

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760260
eISBN:
9780814764961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760260.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how South Korean society undertakes symbolic actions to integrate international adoptees as an ambiguous group that stands in between cultures. Focusing on Holt Children's ... More


The Rage of Thai Buddhism, 1975–1980

Eugene Ford

in Cold War Monks: Buddhism and America's Secret Strategy in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218565
eISBN:
9780300231281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218565.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers how the December 2, 1975 abolition of the Lao monarchy, one immediate outcome of the Pathet Lao victory, had tremendous psychological impact in Thailand. This was due in large ... More


Reorienting the Aims of Imprisonment: Production, Reeducation, and Control

Jeffrey S. Hardy

in The Gulag After Stalin: Redefining Punishment in Khrushchev's Soviet Union, 1953-1964

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501702792
eISBN:
9780801458514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702792.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how the three aims of the Gulag—economics, reeducation, and control—were restructured in the post-Stalin era. During the 1950s, the three aims of the Gulag were debated heavily ... More


The World the Revolution Made: Political Process and Mental Transformation

Jennifer L. Lambe

in Madhouse: Psychiatry and Politics in Cuban History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631028
eISBN:
9781469631042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631028.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 6 argues that the project of mental transformation in the service of revolution transpired largely beyond the institution. Imbued with the utopian spirit of social engineering, mental health ... More


Knowledge Painfully Acquired: Takasugi Ichirō and the “Democratic Movement” in Siberia

Andrew E. Barshay

in The Gods Left First: The Captivity and Repatriation of Japanese POWs in Northeast Asia, 1945-1956

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276154
eISBN:
9780520956575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276154.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter takes up the experiences of those who returned from late 1948 through 1950. Camp life in this second stage was dominated by mass participation in the Stalinist reeducation campaign that ... More


The Failure of Chinese Indoctrination

Charles S. Young

in Name, Rank, and Serial Number: Exploiting Korean War POWs at Home and Abroad

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195183481
eISBN:
9780199344796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183481.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Military History

American POWs initially acquiesced to the Chinese political education classes. However, since the Chinese sought genuine converts, they had to engage in give and take; there was no actual ... More


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