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Concluding remarks

David P. Hughes and Patrizia d'Ettorre

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As evidenced by this contributed volume communication is multifarious. It exists among organisms but also between cells and in networks, and even possesses inorganic properties as a result of ... More


The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Terence Cuneo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Antirealist views about morality claim that moral facts do not exist. An interesting question to raise about these views is whether they imply that other types of normative facts, such as epistemic ... More


Security and Solidarity: An Anti‐Reductionist Analysis of Environmental Policy

Michael Thompson

in Living with Nature: Environmental Politics as Cultural Discourse

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295099
eISBN:
9780191599262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829509X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Argues that excessive concern with environmental security at the national level obfuscates necessary attention to the plurality of environmental security concerns at the micro‐level at which ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter summarizes the book's arguments against the extended view, as well as the primary conciliatory contentions advanced with regard to the embedded and embodied views. The chapter closes ... More


The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Philip Clayton and Paul Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Much of the modern period was dominated by a ‘reductionist’ theory of science. On this view, to explain any event in the world is to reduce it down to fundamental particles, laws, and forces. In ... More


Self and World

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238959
eISBN:
9780191597176
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that it is a necessary condition of self‐consciousness that one is intuitively aware of oneself, qua subject, as a physical object. Intuitive awareness of oneself as a ... More


Philosophical Issues in the Levels‐of‐Selection Debate

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to resolve several outstanding philosophical debates over the levels of selection. A number of suggested criteria in the literature for determining the ‘real’ level(s) of selection ... More


Deliberate Heresies: New Religious Myths and Rituals as Critiques

Susan J. Palmer and David G. Bromley

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that myth and ritual in NRMs are oppositional in nature, challenging the status quo with “deliberate heresies”. Examples from the Rajneesh, The Family, the Raelians, ... More


Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Thomas Nagel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the widely accepted world view of materialist naturalism is untenable. The mind-body problem cannot be confined to the relation between animal minds and animal bodies. If ... More


Battle of the Isms

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the calumnies that are commonly directed at moral naturalists. Philosophical rationalism is compared unfavorably with the empirical tradition by drawing attention to the ... More


Relationships and Responsibilities *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In opposition to the voluntarist view that special responsibilities must be based on consent or some other voluntary act, this essay sketches a non‐reductionist account of such responsibilities. The ... More


Reductionism versus complexity

Barry M. McCoy

in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents philosophic discussion of the difference between reductionism and complexity, which focuses on the dependence of phenomena on past history, on the size of the system, and on the ... More


The Space of Issues and Options

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents an overview of central issues that must be confronted in developing a decent account of meaning, with various positions that might be taken with respect to them, and with some ... More


Voter Democracy: Fend for Yourself

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In voter democracy the citizens are king, particularly as preference indicators in directly aggregative procedures – as citizens who raise hands on matters in town meetings, make choices between ... More


Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If humans are purely physical, and the brain does the work formerly assigned to the mind or soul, then how can it fail to be the case that our thoughts and actions are determined by the laws of ... More


Dualism in the Epistemology of Testimony

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a diagnosis of the problem afflicting both reductionism and non-reductionism: in a testimonial exchange, information is typically communicated between two central ... More


Positive Reasons, Defeaters, and the Infant/Child Objection

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is devoted to defending dualism from an objection that is often regarded by non-reductionists as decisive against requiring positive reasons for testimonial justification or warrant: ... More


Reduction and Supervenience: The Contemporary Problematic in Philosophy of Mind

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines the contemporary conversation in philosophy of mind. Reductionists claim the mind can or must be reducible to natural phenomena. Eliminativists claim the mind cannot be so ... More


The Imperfect Reality of Persons

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Concealed Art of the Soul: Theories of Self and Practices of Truth in Indian Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202416
eISBN:
9780191708558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202416.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the claim of early Buddhists, especially Vasubandhu and Abhidharma, to espouse reductionism as a theory of personal identity. A comparison of the Buddhist no-self theory with ... More


Metaphor and Disclosure

David Brown

in God and Mystery in Words: Experience through Metaphor and Drama

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231836
eISBN:
9780191716201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231836.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines how poets have found in metaphor an obvious point of contact with religion, despite the tendency of so many theologians and believers to seek reduction to the literal. It ... More


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