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 Psychology: Soul, Intellect, and Knowledge

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī wrote a well-known treatise On Intellect, which was the first Arabic treatise to give a taxonomy of the types of intellect (following Greek sources, especially Philoponus, in interpreting ... More


Memory in Augustine's Theological Anthropology

Paige E. Hochschild

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199643028
eISBN:
9780191745416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643028.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The place of memory in the theological anthropology of Augustine has its roots in the Platonic epistemological tradition. Augustine actively engages with this tradition in his early writings in a ... More


Developmental Trends in Spontaneous False Memory, with Implications for the Law

Charles J. Brainerd and Valerie F. Reyna

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the scientific study of children's false memories and how susceptibility to false memories changes with age. It begins with a sketch of some historical facts about the law's ... More


Immortality and Persons in Phaedo

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to Phaedo. It attempts to explicate the account of the person in that dialogue along with the proofs for the immortality of the soul. In this dialogue, along with the claim ... More


From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the history and implications of the notion of multiple memory systems, of the evidence that supports it, and of the nature of the systems discovered so ... More


Afterword: Reflections on the Journey

J. Trickett Edison

in Becoming Ecological: An Expedition Into Community Psychology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173796
eISBN:
9780199847631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173796.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This collection of essays evoked many recollections of how the author walked the ecological walk throughout his career. The book is a compilation of essays written over a 40-year span that portray ... More


Rhythms of the Brain

György Buzsáki

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

Studies of mechanisms in the brain that allow complicated things to happen in a coordinated fashion have produced some of the most spectacular discoveries in neuroscience. This book provides support ... More


The Authenticity of Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

For a present propositional attitude token to stand in a memory‐relation to a past propositional attitude token, the contents of both tokens need not be type‐identical but only sufficiently similar. ... More


Equal Sticks and Stones *

David Sedley

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The chapter takes the form of a commentary on Plato, Phaedo 74a9-c6. This passage is the centrepiece of Socrates' main argument for Recollection, based on the example of seeing equal sticks or stones ... More


Impasse, Paradox, and the Myth of Learning by Recollection

Roslyn Weiss

in Virtue in the Cave: Moral Inquiry in Plato's Meno

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140767
eISBN:
9780199833849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140761.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Having failed to produce a satisfactory definition of virtue, Meno suddenly recalls having heard that Socrates is a perplexed man himself who causes perplexity in others. He likens Socrates to a ... More


On Language, Concepts, and Automata: Rational and Irrational Animals in Aristotle and Descartes

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers whether language or concepts are necessary for intelligent purposive agency, and argues that neither humans nor animals require propositional thought or concepts for normal ... More


Memory Retrieval and Executive Control Processes

Arthur P. Shimamura

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that episodic retrieval and source recollection are associated with frontal lobe function. The role of the prefrontal cortex in such retrieval tasks appears to be related to ... More


Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Simona Ghetti and Patricia J. Bauer (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The ability to remember unique, personal events is at the core of what we consider to be “memory.” How does the vivid experience of reinstatement of our past emerge? What is the contribution of this ... More


The Ancient Commentators on Concept Formation

Richard Sorabji

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

How did the ancient commentators understand Aristotle's account of concept formation in Posterior Analytics 2.19? They focus on his re-statement at 100a14. They do not agree with the interpretation ... More


Remembering: Thoughts on Its Definition, Measurement, and Functional Nature

Andrew P. Yonelinas

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of theoretical and methodological approaches grounded in dual-process models of memory. It begins by discussing how recollection has been defined and ... More


Development of Meaning-Conserving Memory

Katherine Nelson

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ways that memory as a meaning-preserving system develops in human infancy and early childhood. In addressing how changes in meaning affect memory and the process of ... More


Building Blocks of Recollection

Tracy Riggins

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes evidence of the development of memory in infancy and early childhood. In doing so, it addresses pressing questions about whether and when recollection is present in infancy, and ... More


Contextualizing the Development of Recollection: Episodic Memory and Binding in Young Children

Nora S. Newcombe, Marianne E. Lloyd, and Frances Balcomb

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the development of one fundamental feature of episodic recollection, namely, the capacity to bind different features of an event into an integrated representation. It ... More


Development of Recollection: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory Perspective

Charles J. Brainerd, Valerie F. Reyna, and Robyn E. Holliday

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses fuzzy-trace theory's (FTT) approach to the development of recollection, the procedures and mathematical models that it uses to measure recollection, and the developmental ... More


The Development of Episodic Memory: Binding Processes, Controlled Processes, and Introspection on Memory States

Simona Ghetti, Kristen E. Lyons, and Dana DeMaster

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter identifies the key components of the development of episodic recollection in the binding and controlled processes that are necessary to form, store, and reinstate episodic memories. It ... More


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