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 A Top‐Tier Criterion of Justice

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces Rawls's three-tiered approach to justice. How Rawls comes to adopt a purely recipient-oriented criterion of justice is discussed. Another important element of a criterion of ... More


Help as a Vehicle to Reconciliation, With Particular Reference to Help for Extreme Health Needs

Jeffrey D. Fisher, Arie Nadler, Jessica S. Little, and Tamar Saguy

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how the provision of medical assistance across borders during times of medical emergency (i.e., the AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa) can improve relations between donor and ... More


Commanding and permitting

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter identifies a second set of ditransitive verbs: the verbs of commanding and permitting. Unlike the verbs of persuading and urging discussed in the Chapter 3, which have a thematic ... More


Episcopal Almsgiving

Richard Finn Op

in Almsgiving in the Later Roman Empire: Christian Promotion and Practice 313-450

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283606
eISBN:
9780191712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283606.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines episcopal almsgiving, the principal sources of which were revenues from imperial subventions, church properties, special collections, and the regular offerings made by the ... More


What's Wrong with Development Aid?

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the incentives generated by development aid’s institutions are important in explaining its lackluster outcomes. Understanding the incentives that confront donors and ... More


Sorting Out the Tangle: Incentives Across Action Situations in Development Aid

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The International Development Cooperation Octangle, or “Octangle”, demonstrates the realistic and complex tangle of relationships involved in aid. The result of this tangle of relationships ... More


Questioning in Medicine

John Heritage

in Why Do You Ask?: The Function of Questions in Institutional Discourse

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195306897
eISBN:
9780199867943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306897.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter, written by John Heritage, provides an overview of the author's main findings on questioning in doctor‐patient interactions. Heritage pays particular attention to the way that questions ... More


Trainee Perspectives

Felice Davidson Perlmutter

in From Welfare to Work: Corporate Initiatives and Welfare Reform

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110159
eISBN:
9780199865635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110159.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Social Policy

This chapter focuses on the trainees themselves—their motivations, perceptions, and problems. It discusses the obstacles that must be overcome and the supports needed for candidates to be able to ... More


Integrating the New Workers

Felice Davidson Perlmutter

in From Welfare to Work: Corporate Initiatives and Welfare Reform

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110159
eISBN:
9780199865635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110159.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Social Policy

This chapter focuses on the strategies used to integrate the new workers into the workplace. An overall approach was recommended which highlighted the importance of integrating the new workers into ... More


To Areas of Need, Opportunity, or Strategic Interest? Explaining Which Countries Receive Environmental Aid and Why

Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, J. Timmons Roberts, and Michael J. Tierney

in Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213948
eISBN:
9780191707476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the central question of this book: how donors allocate development funds among recipient countries. It presents a series of formal hypotheses on inter-recipient aid allocation, ... More


Looking to the Future of Environmental Aid

Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, J. Timmons Roberts, and Michael J. Tierney

in Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213948
eISBN:
9780191707476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. The preceding chapters analyzed how and why billions of dollars flow every year from rich countries to poor countries for ... More


Letters and Letter-Writers

James Daybell

in Women Letter-Writers in Tudor England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259915
eISBN:
9780191717437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259915.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter delineates the scope of women's letters and letter-writing, and discusses the survival of letters; the social composition of letter-writers; the frequency with which women dispatched ... More


Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the real and hypothetical responses to questions related to a handicapped or diseased persons' entitlement of parts of others' bodies in order to remove their disabilities or ... More


Desert food webs and ecosystem ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with the trophic model of Hairston, Smith, and Slobodkin and the food-web model generated by Cohen. It explains why, even in a desert, such generalities are inappropriate. Desert ... More


Monitoring and Evaluation Reform under Changing Aid Modalities

Nathalie Holvoet and Robrecht Renard

in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580934
eISBN:
9780191723346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter grew out of our bewilderment with the insouciance with which some in the donor community seem ready to abandon accounting for the use of aid. If one listens to the rhetoric surrounding ... More


Engaging with Rules and Negotiating Compliance

Kaaryn S. Gustafson

in Cheating Welfare: Public Assistance and the Criminalization of Poverty

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732311
eISBN:
9780814733394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732311.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines how welfare recipients engaged with welfare rules and negotiated compliance with the rules. More specifically, it considers the variation in welfare recipients' rule engagement ... More


Cheating Welfare: Public Assistance and the Criminalization of Poverty

Kaaryn S. Gustafson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732311
eISBN:
9780814733394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732311.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Over the last three decades, welfare policies have been informed by popular beliefs that welfare fraud is rampant. As a result, welfare policies have become more punitive and the boundaries between ... More


The Micro-Politics of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues relevant to the micropolitics of the mental deficiency problem in Great Britain during the 1930s. It examines the extent ... More


The Costs and Benefits of Informal Caregiving

Richard Schulz and Joan K. Monin

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0053
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the costs and benefits of informal caregiving at the individual level. On the cost side of the equation we describe the negative physical and psychological health effects of ... More


Language contact and the history of the Spanish lexicon: General and methodological questions

Steven N. Dworkin

in A History of the Spanish Lexicon: A Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199541140
eISBN:
9780191741395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter stresses the need to study the introduction and incorporation of loanwords from a linguistic rather than a cultural perspective. This approach to loanwords in Spanish must deal with ... More


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