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The questions of animal rationality: Theory and evidence 1: Editors' introduction

Susan Hurley and Matthew Nudds

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about animal rationality and mental processing in animals. This book discusses the ... More


Introduction

Chris Argyris

in Reasons and Rationalizations: The Limits to Organizational Knowledge

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268078
eISBN:
9780191699252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268078.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

In order to act, human beings diagnose problems, invent solutions, produce the solutions, and evaluate the effectiveness of what they have produced. This introductory chapter first presents a ... More


Evaluating Group Performance

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter demonstrates how a Model II type of inquiry can be used to evaluate the performance of a group. The vice president in charge of a consulting team asked the five members to meet with him ... More


An architecture for dual reasoning

Peter Carruthers

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes for granted the existence of some sort of real distinction between System 1 and System 2 reasoning processes, and asks how they are realized in the human mind-brain. In contrast ... More


Inner Speech and Outer Thought

Keith Frankish

in Inner Speech: New Voices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198796640
eISBN:
9780191866869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796640.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is plausible to regard inner speech as an activity, whose functions are continuous with those of outer speech. Yet there is also a case for thinking that inner speech has a cognitive role, as a ... More


Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

The capacity to think about our own thinking may lie at the heart of what it means to be both human and intelligent. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated these matters for many ... More


Understanding Propensity Evidence

Mike Redmayne

in Character in the Criminal Trial

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199228898
eISBN:
9780191746765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228898.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Drawing on some of the cases discussed in Chapter 5 as illustrative examples, this chapter explores the inferential structure of propensity evidence: the reasoning process which links evidence of bad ... More


From Socrates to Expert Systems: The Limits of Calculative Rationality (1985)

Hubert L. Dreyfus and Stuart E. Dreyfus

in Skillful Coping: Essays on the phenomenology of everyday perception and action

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199654703
eISBN:
9780191784224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654703.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the general epistemological assumptions of artificial intelligence technology and recent work in the development of expert systems. These systems are limited because of a ... More


Legal Education

Eva Steiner

in French Law: A Comparative Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198790884
eISBN:
9780191833342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790884.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter shows how legal education further contributes to the reasoning process typical of French lawyers. A striking feature of French legal education is the high level of abstraction that ... More


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